Definitions

Alternative school

Alternative school

An alternative school (sometimes called a minischool), is an educational establishment with a curriculum and methods that are nontraditional, or sometimes ultratraditional. These schools have a special curriculum offering a more flexible program of study than a traditional school.

Many such schools were founded in the United States in the 1970s as an alternative to mainstream or traditional classroom structure. A wide range of philosophies and teaching methods are offered by alternative schools; some have strong political, scholarly, or philosophical orientations, while others are more ad-hoc assemblies of teachers and students dissatisfied with some aspect of mainstream or traditional education.

Alternative high school

In education, the phrase alternative high school, sometimes referred to as a minischool, is "any junior high school, high school, senior high school, or secondary school having a special curriculum offering a more flexible program of study than a traditional school." An alternative high school serves as an addition to a larger traditional junior high school, high school, senior high school, or secondary school.

Sometimes, particularly in the United States, the phrase alternative high school can refer to a school which practices alternative education. This is a much broader use of the term, covering all forms of non-traditional educational methods and philosophies, including school choice, independent school, homeschooling, and alternative high school. However, even the narrower usage of the term may refer to a range of school type such as a school with an innovative and flexible curriculum aimed at bright, self-motivated students; a school intended to accommodate students with behavioral problems; or a school with special remedial programs.

Magnet schools

Magnet schools are public alternative schools which offer innovative courses, specialized training, etc., in order to attract students from a broad urban area and thereby help to desegregate schools.

See also

References

External links

Further reading

  • Claire V. Korn, Alternative American Schools: Ideals in Action (Ithaca: SUNY Press, 1991).

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