Allotment (gardening), in the United Kingdom, a small area of land, let out at a nominal yearly rent by local government or independent allotment associations, for individuals to grow their own food.
Allotment (financial), a method of distributing securities to investors when an issue has been oversubscribed.
Sortition, also known as allotment, is a method of selection by some form of lottery such as drawing coloured pebbles from a bag.
In Athenian democracy, allotment was the principle form of democratic choice with most magistrates and their large juries chosen this way; the Athenians considered allotment to be more democratic than elections.
Dawes General Allotment Act, a United States legislation of 1887 authorizing the President to survey Native American land and divide the arable area into allotments for the individual Native American.