[al-bahy-noh or, especially Brit., -bee-]
albino [Port.,=white], animal or plant lacking normal pigmentation. The absence of pigment is observed in the body covering (skin, hair, and feathers) and in the iris of the eye. The blood vessels of the retina show through the iris, giving it a pink or reddish color, and the eyes are highly sensitive to light. Albinism is inherited as a Mendelian recessive character (see Mendel; genetics) in humans and other animals. Through experimental breeding, races of albinos have been established among some domestic animals, e.g., mice, rabbits, pigeons, and chickens. Albino animals are sometimes held sacred, for example, white elephants in Thailand and white cattle in India. The presence of an excess of black pigment is called melanism.

Albino is a comune in the province of Bergamo, in Lombardy, northern Italy. It is located north of Bergamo and is situated in the Seriana valley. The population continues to increase.


Archaeological findings have showed that the area was already settled in the Copper Age. In Roman times there were settlements in the area (probably of Gaulish origin), though the first document mentioning a in vico Albines dates from 892 AD. Later, entangled in the struggles between Guelphs and Ghibellines, the town was strongly fortified, a castle being built in the 14th century. Later it was under the Republic of Venice, with a strong increasing of textile and iron industry, peculiarities which characterize Albino still today.

Main sights

  • Parrocchiale di San Giuliano, founded in 898. Rebuilt in neoclassicist style in the early 19th century, it houses works by Giovan Battista Moroni, Enea Salmeggia and others. The bell tower (1497) was designed by Cosimo Fanzago.
  • Convent of San Bartolomeo (12th century), in Lombard-Gothic style. It includes frescoes from the 16th century renovation, 21 wooden sculptures in the choir and polyptych in gilted wood. It is a national monument.
  • Sanctuary of the Madonna del Pianto (15th century). It is home to a canvas by Moroni with Christ Carrying the Cross and one by Salmaggia, The Deposition.
  • Church of the Conception (late 15th century). It has a notable portico and a frescoes from the 14th and 16th centuries.
  • Sanctuary of the Madonna of the Snow, on the country road leading to Selvino. It dates from the 16th century, and has frescoes from the same age which were recently restored.
  • Church of Sant'Anna (16th century), designed by Giovan Battista Caniana.
  • Sanctuary of Altino (16th century), in the frazione Vall'Alta.
  • Cistercian Abbey
  • Sanctuary of Madonna della Gamba ("Madonna of the Leg"), in the frazione Desenzano al Serio. Erected from 1448, it honours a miracle happened in 1440, when a maiden, praying the Virgin, was miraculously saved from the injuries received to her leg. It houses works by Enea Salmeggia, Palma il Giovane, Andrea Fantoni and others.
  • Parish of St. Peter, a notable example of Lombard-Gothic architecture, in the frazione Desenzano al Serio.
  • Casa della Misericordia, with frescoes by Moroni (1570).
  • Casa Solari 816th century).

Bounding communes

External links

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