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Alas, Leopoldo

Alas, Leopoldo

Alas, Leopoldo, 1852-1901, Spanish novelist, short-story writer, and literary critic who wrote under the pseudonym Clarín, b. Zamora. Although he began his literary career as a journalist, he later was a professor of law at the Univ. of Oviedo. He is best known for his naturalistic novel La Regenta (1884-85), an analysis of provincial life. His other works include another novel, Su único hijo [his only son] (1890), and several volumes of short stories.

See study by N. Valis, The Decadent Vision in Leopoldo Alas (1981).

Leopoldo Alas y Ureña (25 April 1852 - 13 June 1901), also known as Clarín was a Spanish realist novelist born in Zamora. He died in Oviedo.

Alas spent his childhood living in León and Guadalajara, until he moved to Oviedo in 1865. There he studied Bachillerato (high school) and he began his law career. He lived in Madrid from 1871 to 1878, where he began his career as a journalist and he graduated with the thesis El Derecho y la Moralidad (Law and Morality). He taught in Zaragoza from 1882 to 1883. In 1883 he returned to Oviedo to take up a position as professor of Roman law.

He is the author of books such as La Regenta. It is a long work, similar to Flaubert's Madame Bovary, one of its influences. Other influences included Naturalism and Kraussism, a philosophical current which promoted the cultural and ethical regeneration of Spain. He also wrote Nuevo viaje al Parnaso and La Literatura en 1881 (1882), in collaboration with Armando Palacio Valdes.

La Regenta is special for its great wealth of characters and secondary stories, while the main character's description is left slightly unfocused and vague. On the other hand, the downfall of the provincial lady has place amidst two very diverse suitors: the most handsome man in the city, who triumphs in the end, and the cathedral's priest. The depiction of this priest is a key part of the book.

For the description of the provincial atmosphere and the city's collective life, Clarín used techniques such as the internal monologue or the free indirect style, which makes the story be narrated by the characters themselves and allows the reader to penetrate in their intimacy.

In 1890, he published a new novel, Su único hijo. Even though most critics consider it as a lesser novel in comparison with La Regenta, it is equal to the former in skill with which the technical resources are used. Su único hijo was originally meant to be the introduction to a trilogy, but little remains of this trilogy aside from an outline and a few fragments of two of the novels. Su único hijo was Clarín's last full-length novel.

Apart from these works, Clarín is also the author of magnificent stories and of a large number of journalistic articles.

Leopoldo Alas remains a rather enigmatic figure in the Spanish literary world, leaving a legacy that encouraged the search for God and humanism simultaneously. This aberrant confluence has facilitated the presence of various interpretations regarding the author's writings, most noticeably of his masterpiece, La Regenta.


  • La Regenta (The Regent's Wife) (1884-85) [Novel]
  • Su único hijo (His Only Son) (1890) [Novel]
  • Doña Berta (1892)
  • ¡Adiós, Cordera! (1892)
  • Cuentos morales (Moral Stories) (1896)
  • El gallo de Sócrates (Socrates' Rooster) (1900)


  • Solos de Clarín (1881)
  • La literatura en 1881 (1882)
  • Sermón perdido (1885)
  • Nueva campaña (1887)
  • Ensayos y revistas (1892)
  • Palique (1894)

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