, pseud. of Chōkōdō Shujin
, 1892-1927, Japanese author. One of Japan's finest short-story writers, he derived many of his tales from historical Japanese sources, but told them with psychological insights in an individualistic style. "Rashomon"(1915) and "In a Grove" (1921) were made into the classic 1950 film Rashomon,
directed by Akira Kurosawa
. His later writings, largely autobiographical fiction, were not successful, and this lack of popular response may have contributed to his suicide.
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