Definitions

airborne patrol

75th Ranger Infantry Regiment (Airborne)

The 75th Infantry Regiment (Ranger) was the United States Army Ranger unit of the Vietnam War era.

History

On 1 January 1969, as part of the U.S. Army Combat Arms Regimental System (CARS), the U.S. Army Rangers were re-organised in Vietnam as the 75th Infantry Regiment (Ranger). Fifteen Ranger companies (two, Co. A-75 and Co. B-75, based in the U.S.), were recruited from long range reconnaissance units in Europe since the late 1950s, and in Vietnam since 1966, as long range reconnaissance patrol and long range patrol companies. The genealogy of the new Rangers descended directly from Merrill's Marauders, the 5307th Composite Unit, effective on the 1st of February 1969.

In Vietnam, the Rangers were independent companies: C, D, E, F, G, H, I, K, L, M, N, O and P. There was no J Ranger Company; the Army considers the phonetic "juliet" an effeminate name for an infantry unit. Each company was attached to a major combat unit. Rangers in Vietnam conducted long range reconnaissance behind enemy lines. They collected intelligence, planned and directed air strikes, acted as conventional operations force-multipliers, assessed bombing damage of enemy territory, executed night and day ambushes, and sniper attacks.

Additionally, Rangers attempted recovering friendly prisoners of war, captured enemy soldiers for interrogation, tapped the wire communications of the North Vietnam Army and the Viet Cong on the Ho Chi Minh trail, and mined enemy trails and roads.

Organization

75th Infantry Regiment (Ranger)
Company Unit attached Company Unit attached
Company A V Corps Company I 1st Infantry Division
Company B VII Corps Company K 4th Infantry Division
Company C I Field Force, Vietnam Company L 101st Airborne Division
Company D II Field Force, Vietnam Company M 199th Infantry Brigade
Company E II Field Force Vietnam Company N 173rd Airborne Brigade (Sep)
Company F 25th Infantry Division Company O 3rd Brigade, 82nd Airborne Division
Company G 23rd Infantry Division Company P 1st Brigade, 5th Mechanized Division
Company H 1st Cavalry Division

References

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