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List of Kings of Babylon

The following is a list of the kings of Babylonia, a major city and empire in ancient lower Mesopotamia, compiled from the traditional Babylonian king lists and modern archaeological findings.

The Babylonian king list

The Babylonian King List is not merely a list of kings of Babylon, but is a very specific ancient list of supposed Babylonian kings recorded in several ancient locations, and related to the Sumerian king list. As with its predecessor, the Sumerian King List, contemporaneous dynasties are listed chronologically without comment.

There are two versions, known as "King List A" (all kings from the First Dynasty of Babylon to the Neo-Assyrian king Kandalanu) and "King List B" (only the two first dynasties). A third version of the list was written in Greek by Berossus. The "Babylonian King List of the Hellenistic Age" is a continuation that mentions all kings from Alexander the Great to Demetrius II Nicator.

Middle Bronze Age

Early Amorite city-states

First Dynasty of Isin

Kings of Larsa

Babylonian Empire (Middle Bronze Age)

First Dynasty of Babylon

Sealand Dynasty (Dynasty II of Babylon)

These rulers did not rule Babylon itself, but rather the Sumerian regions south of it. Nevertheless, it is traditionally numbered the Second Dynasty of Babylon, and so is listed here.

Early Kassite Monarchs

This dynasty also did not actually rule Babylon, but their numbering scheme was continued by later Kassite Kings of Babylon, and so they are listed here.

Late Bronze Age

Kassite Dynasty (Third Dynasty of Babylon)

Iron Age

Dynasty IV of Babylon, from Isin

Dynasty V of Babylon

Dynasty VI of Babylon

Dynasty VII of Babylon

Dynasty VIII of Babylon

Dynasty IX of Babylon

Dynasty X of Babylon (Assyrian)

Dynasty XI of Babylon (Neo-Babylonian or Chaldean)

Persian Babylonia

In 539 BC, Babylon was captured by Cyrus the Great of Persia. His son was crowned one year later formally as King of Babylonia

Hellenistic Babylonia

Babylon was captured by Alexander the Great in 330 BC.

See also

References

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