The Ontario Agricultural College (OAC) originated at the agricultural laboratories of the Toronto Normal School, and was officially founded in 1874 as an associate agricultural college of the University of Toronto. Now affiliated with the University of Guelph, it operates four campuses throughout Ontario.
Its first building was Moreton Lodge, located where Johnston Hall now stands, which included classrooms, residences, a library, and a dining room. (Several buildings constructed during this time period are still a part of campus life today, including President's Residence, Raithby House, and Day Hall.)
Subsequently, the Ontario Agricultural College (OAC) became one of three founding colleges of the University of Guelph in 1964. (The other two were the Ontario Veterinary College and the Macdonald Institute.)
The OAC opened on May 1, 1874 with an enrollment of 28 students. The OAC administration was housed in Moreton Lodge until 1931, when the building was torn down to make way for Johnston Hall. The OAC's offices have resided in Johnston Hall ever since. The Canadian-American economist John Kenneth Galbraith earned a bachelor's degree in animal husbandry from the College.
August 2008 Dr. Robert Gordon named the new Dean of the Ontario Agriculture College
In 1997, three other agricultural colleges affiliated with the Ontario Agricultural College and the University of Guelph
: College d'Alfred
, a francophone college in the eastern part of the province at Alfred, Ontario
; Kemptville College
, founded in 1917 and located at Kemptville, Ontario
about 30 minutes south of Ottawa, and Ridgetown College at Ridgetown, Ontario
founded in 1922 and located in southwestern Ontario near Chatham
. In May 2007, they were renamed Campus d'Alfred, Kemptville Campus and Ridgetown Campus in order to recognize their full integration into the university.
The OAC offers a wide range of agriculture-related degree programs, including widely respected programs in Landscape Architecture, Science in Agriculture and Food Science. Both undergraduate B.Sc.(Agr)
degree programs and graduate degree programs are available. <>
- Associate Diploma in Agriculture; Associate Diploma in Agriculture - Equine Option
- Bachelor of Science in Agriculture in Agricultural Economics; Bachelor of Science in Agriculture in Agro-ecosystem Management; Bachelor of Science in Agriculture in Agronomy; Bachelor of Science in Agriculture in Animal Science; Bachelor of Science in Agriculture in Horticultural Science
The curriculum has gone through numerous overhauls over the years:
- 1877 - one-year diploma program expanded to two years
- 1887 - B.Sc.(Agr) degree program begins (University of Toronto awards the degrees from 1888 until 1964).
- 1891 - short courses offered to general public.
- 1901 - degree program adds a fourth year (still a U of T degree).
- 1926 - graduate program begins
- 1964 - B.Sc.(Agr) degree awarded by the University of Guelph.
- 1988 - Bachelor of Commerce and Bachelor of Environmental Science programs begins.
- 1995 - "Experience Agriculture" curriculum for B.Sc.(Agr) program begins.
- 1997 - Agricultural colleges in Kemptville, Ridgetown and Alfred affiliate with OAC and the University of Guelph.
- 2006 - the Faculty of Environmental Sciences is relocated permanently to the OAC.