Agrichemical

Agrichemical

[ag-ri-kem-i-kuhl]
Agrichemical (or agrochemical), a contraction of agricultural chemical, is a generic term for the various chemical products used in agriculture. In most cases, agrichemical refers to the broad range of insecticides, herbicides, and fungicides, but it may also include synthetic fertilizers, hormones and other chemical growth agents, and concentrated stores of raw animal manure.

Most agrichemicals are toxic, and all agrichemicals in bulk storage pose significant environmental and/or health risks, particularly in the event of accidental spills. In many countries, access to and use of agrichemicals is highly regulated. Government-issued permits for purchase and use of approved agrichemicals may be required, and significant penalties can result from misuse, including improper storage resulting in spillage. On farms, proper storage facilities and labeling, emergency clean-up equipment and procedures, and safety equipment and procedures for handling, application and disposal are specific areas of concern, often subject to mandatory standards and regulations.

Usually, the regulations are carried out through the registration process.

According to Agrow, Bayer CropScience led the agrichemical industry in sales in 2007. Syngenta was second, followed by BASF, Dow Agrosciences, Monsanto, and DuPont.

References

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