City (pop., 2001: 1,275,134), west-central Uttar Pradesh state, India. It was founded by Sikandar Lodi in the early 16th century on the Yamuna River southeast of Delhi and was intermittently the Mughal capital. The city fell successively to the Jats and the Marathas in the late 18th century and finally to the British in 1803. It is the site of the Taj Mahal and the imperial tomb of Akbar.
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There were 131 households out of which 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.5% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.3% were non-families. 29.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.89.
In the city the population was spread out with 28.4% under the age of 18, 3.9% from 18 to 24, 24.5% from 25 to 44, 26.5% from 45 to 64, and 16.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 91.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $27,250, and the median income for a family was $36,250. Males had a median income of $26,944 versus $16,429 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,960. About 8.5% of families and 10.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.3% of those under the age of eighteen and 7.7% of those sixty five or over.