Agalinis

Agalinis

Agalinis Raf. (false foxglove) is a genus of about 70 individuals that until recently was aligned with members of the family Scrophulariaceae. As a result of numerous molecular phylogenetic studies based on various chloroplast DNA (cpDNA) loci, it was shown to be more closely related to members of the Orobanchaceae. Agalinis spp. are hemiparasitic, which is a character that in part describes the Orobanchaceae.

The historical classification of members of the genus and the delineation relationships among species within the genus were accomplished by Francis W. Pennell in the late 1920' and early 1930's. A great deal was done more recently during the late 1970's and the 1980's by Judith Canne-Hilliker who published a great deal on the defining characteristics of many of the species and has suggested changes to Pennell's classification scheme. For instance, the sculpting of the seed surface as seen with electron microscopy is usually species-diagnostic. Greg Dieringer in the 1990's investigated the reproductive ecology of multiple Agalinis spp. including the self-incompatible Agalinis strictifolia and the autogamous bee-visited Agalinis skinneriana.

A species of Agalinis that is of particular importance is the federally listed endangered plant species Agalinis acuta. Many other members of the genus are also of conservation concern and are identified at the both the state and global level as threatened. Some species are very narrowly endemic, growing only on particular substrates.

This is a list of Agalinis species (which may be incomplete):

Agalinis acuta sandplain false foxglove
Agalinis aphylla scaleleaf false foxglove
Agalinis aspera tall false foxglove
Agalinis auriculata earleaf false foxglove
Agalinis caddoensis Caddo false foxglove
Agalinis calycina leoncita false foxglove
Agalinis densiflora Osage false foxglove
Agalinis divaricata pineland false foxglove
Agalinis edwardiana plateau false foxglove
Agalinis fasciculata beach false foxglove
Agalinis filicaulis Jackson false foxglove
Agalinis filifolia Seminolfe false foxglove
Agalinis gattingeri roundstem false foxglove
Agalinis harperi coastal plain false foxglove
Agalinis heterophylla prairie false foxglove
Agalinis homolantha San Antonio false foxglove
Agalinis laxa twoline false foxglove
Agalinis linifolia flaxleaf false foxglove
Agalinis maritima saltmarsh false foxglove
Agalinis navasotensis Navasota false foxglove
Agalinis neoscotica Middleton false foxglove
Agalinis nuttallii Nuttall's false foxglove
Agalinis obtusifolia tenlobe false foxglove
Agalinis oligophylla ridgestem false foxglove
Agalinis paupercula smallflower false foxglove
Agalinis plukenetii Chattahoochee false foxglove
Agalinis pulchella St. Mark's false foxglove
Agalinis purpurea purple false foxglove
Agalinis setacea threadleaf false foxglove
Agalinis skinneriana Skinner's false foxglove
Agalinis strictifolia stiffleaf false foxglove
Agalinis tenuifolia slenderleaf false foxglove
Agalinis viridis green false foxglove

References

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