The Adjar ASSR, Adzhar ASSR or Adjarian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was an autonomous republic of the Soviet Union within the Georgian SSR, established on 16 July, 1921. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 it constitutes the Autonomous Republic of Adjara of Georgia.
After a temporary occupation by Turkish
troops in 1918–1920, Ajaria was reunited with Georgia in 1920. After a brief military conflict
in March 1921, Ankara
government ceded the territory to Georgia due to Article VI of Treaty of Kars
with the condition for autonomy to be provided for the Muslim
population. The Soviet Union
established the Adjarian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic on 16 July
in accord with this clause. However under Joseph Stalin
, like Christianity
, was repressed.