Definitions

adobe lily

Fritillaria

[frit-l-air-ee-uh]
This article is about the plants. Fritillary butterflies are several genera in the Heliconiini (subfamily Heliconiinae).

Fritillaria is a genus of about 100 species of bulbous plants in the family Liliaceae, native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. They often have nodding, bell- or cup-shaped flowers, and the majority are spring-flowering. The name is from Latin fritillus, a dice-box, and probably refers to the checkered pattern, frequently of chocolate-brown and greenish yellow, that is common to many species' flowers.

Several species (such as Fritillaria cirrhosa and Fritillaria verticillata) are used in traditional Chinese cough remedies. They are listed as chuan bei or zhe bei respectively, and are often in formulations combined with extracts of loquat.

Selected species:

  • Fritillaria meleagris L. – Snake's Head Fritillary
  • Fritillaria meleagroides Patrin ex Schult.f.
  • Fritillaria messanensis Raf.
  • Fritillaria micrantha Heller
  • Fritillaria monantha Migo
  • Fritillaria montana Hoppe
  • Fritillaria obliqua Ker Gawl.
  • Fritillaria ojaiensis A.Davids.
  • Fritillaria olgae Vved.
  • Fritillaria ophioglossifolia Freyn & Sint.
  • Fritillaria orientalis Adams
  • Fritillaria pallidiflora Schrenk
  • Fritillaria persica L.
  • Fritillaria pinetorum A.Davids.
  • Fritillaria pluriflora Torr. ex Benth. – Adobe Lily
  • Fritillaria pontica Wahlenb.
  • Fritillaria przewalskii Maxim.
  • Fritillaria pudica (Pursh) Spreng. – Yellow Bell
  • Fritillaria purdyi Eastw.
  • Fritillaria pyrenaica L.
  • Fritillaria raddeana Regel
  • Fritillaria recurva Benth. – Scarlet Fritillary
  • Fritillaria regelii Losinsk.
  • Fritillaria rhodocanakis Orph. ex Baker
  • Fritillaria ruthenica Wikstr.
  • Fritillaria sewerzowii
  • Fritillaria sichuanica S.C.Chen
  • Fritillaria sinica S.C.Chen
  • Fritillaria skorpilii Velen.
  • Fritillaria striata Eastw.
  • Fritillaria stribrnyi Velen.
  • Fritillaria taipaiensis P.Y.Li
  • Fritillaria thunbergii Miq.
  • Fritillaria tortifolia X.Z.Duan & X.J.Zheng
  • Fritillaria tubiformis Gren. & Godr.
  • Fritillaria tuntasia Heldr. ex Halácsy
  • Fritillaria unibracteata P.K.Hsiao & K.C.Hsia
  • Fritillaria uva-vulpis
  • Fritillaria ussuriensis Maxim.
  • Fritillaria verticillata Willd.
  • Fritillaria viridea Kellogg
  • Fritillaria walujewii Regel
  • Fritillaria yuminensis X.Z.Duan
  • Fritillaria yuzhongensis G.D.Yu & Y.S.Zhou
  • References

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