Definitions

administrative unit

Local administrative unit

Generally, a local administrative unit (LAU) is a low level administrative division of a country, ranked below a province, region, or state. Not all countries describe their locally governed areas this way, but it can be descriptively applied anywhere to refer to counties, municipalities, etc.

In the European Union (EU) and Switzerland, LAUs are basic components of Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) regions. Two levels of Local Administrative Units (LAU) have been defined. LAU-1 and LAU-2 were called NUTS-4 and NUTS-5, respectively, until the NUTS regulation went into force in July, 2003. The upper LAU level (LAU level 1, formerly NUTS level 4) is defined for the following countries: Czech Republic, Germany, Estonia, Greece, Ireland, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Hungary, Malta, Poland, Portugal, Slovenia, Slovakia, Finland and the United Kingdom. The second LAU level (formerly NUTS level 5) consists of 112,119 municipalities or equivalent units in the 25 EU Member States (2003 situation).

Staat LAU 1 LAU 2
Austria - 35 Gemeinde 2.358
Belgium - 43 Gemeente/Commune/Gemeinde 589
Bulgaria Obchtina 264 Grad 5.329
Cyprus Eparchies 6 Dimoi, koinotites 614
Czech Republic Okresy 77 Obce 6.249
Danmark - 11 Kommune 98
Estonia maakonnad 15 Vald, Inn 241
Finland Seutukunnat / Ekonomiska regioner 82 Kunnat / Kommuner 446
France - 100 Commune 36.678
Germany Verwaltungsgemeinschaften 539 Gemeinde 13.176
Greece Dimos/Koinotita 1.034 Dimotiko diamerisma/Kinotiko diamerisma 6.130
Hungary (Statisztikai) kistérségek 168 Települések 3.145
Ireland Counties/County Boroughs 34 DED/Ward 3.440
Italy - 110 Comune 8.100
Latvia Rajoni, republikas pilsētas 33 Pilsētas, novadi, pagasti 536
Lithuania savivaldybė 60 seniūnija 515
Luxemburg Cantons 13 Commune 118
Malta Distretti 6 Kunsilli 68
Netherlands - 40 Gemeente 443
Poland Powiaty i miasta na prawach powiatu 379 Gminy 2.478
Portugal Concelhos - Municípios 308 Freguesia 4.257
Romania - 42 Municipiu 3.174
Slovakia Okresy 79 Obce 2.928
Slovenia Upravne enote 58 Občine 193
Spain - 52 Municipio 8.108
Sweden - 21 Kommun 290
United Kingdom Lower tier authorities (districts) or individual unitary authorities 443 Ward 10.679
EU-27 4.052 120.380

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