Gay-related immune deficiency
) (sometimes informally called the gay plague
) was an alternative name for AIDS
, proposed in 1982, after public health scientists noticed clusters of Kaposi's sarcoma
and Pneumocystis pneumonia
males in California
and New York City
. During the early history of AIDS, an ad hoc
organization called Gay Men's Health Crisis
was founded to combat what appeared to be a homosexual-only disease produced by high levels of promiscuity, intravenous drug use, and usage of poppers
. Soon after, clusters of Kaposi's sarcoma and Pneumocystis
pneumonia were also reported among Haitians recently entering the United States and men with hemophilia
, among female sexual partners of AIDS patients, and among blood transfusion recipients with no obvious risk factors.
The term AIDS (for acquired immune deficiency syndrome) was proposed in 1982 by Sasu Siegelbaum, among other researchers, concerned with the accuracy of the disease's name. In this new name, scientists were supported by political figures who realized that the term "gay-related" did not accurately describe the demographic that the disease affected. On April 23, 1984, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Secretary announced at a press conference that an American scientist, Dr. Robert Gallo, had discovered the probable cause of AIDS: the retrovirus subsequently named human immunodeficiency virus or HIV in 1986.