Ivan Knunyants

Ivan Lyudvigovich Knunyants (Иван Людвигович Кнунянц; 4 June, 1906 (Shusha, currently Nagorno-Karabakh) - December 21 1990 (Moscow), was a Soviet chemist of Armenian origin, academic of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, a Major General and engineer, who significantly contributed to the advancement of Soviet Chemistry. He made more than 200 inventions, many of which used in the Soviet industry. Hero of Socialist Labor (1966). Lenin Prize (1972). USSR State Prize (1943, 1948 and 1950).

Graduated from Moscow Bauman Highest Technical School (MVTU) 1928, student of Aleksei Chichibabin. Leader of laboratory for elementooranic chemistry.

He is the inventor of poly-caprolactam (capron, nylon-6, polyamide-6), founder of Soviet school of fluorocarbon's chemistry, one of major developers of Soviet chemical weapons program, also an author of a few drugs for chemotherapy of cancer.

He proposed the method of getting the g-reaction atsetopropilic alcohol - an acetic ether with ethylene oxide, also used in the industrial synthesis of vitamin B. His scientifical group synthesized compounds containing fluorine, along with nitro-, amino-hydroxy-isoquinoline-air and other groups.


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