Acacia catechu is a deciduous, thorny tree which grows up to 15m in height.
Common names for it include Catechu, Cachou and Black Cutch. It is found in Asia, China, India and the Indian Ocean area.
The tree's seeds are a good source of protein
Branches of the tree are quite often cut
for goat fodder
and are sometimes fed to cattle
More specifically, the extract is used to treat sore throats
The tree is often planted for use as firewood
and its wood is highly valued for furniture
and tools. The wood has a density of about 0.88 g/cm³.
Its heartwood extract
is used in dyeing
, leather tanning
, as a preservative
for fishing nets
, for medicine and as a viscosity
regulator for oil drilling
The tree can be propagated by planting its seeds, which are soaked in hot water first. After about six months in a nursery, the seedlings can be planted in the field.