Abd ar-Rahman

Abd ar-Rahman

Abd ar-Rahman, d. 732, Muslim governor of Spain (721-32). Invading Aquitaine in 732, he won a victory over the Franks at Toulouse but was defeated in the battle of Tours by Charles Martel.
Abd ar-Rahman, 1778-1859, sultan of Morocco (1822-59). He sought, unsuccessfully, to take advantage of the overthrow of Turkish rule in Algeria in order to extend his territory. Later he allied himself with the emir, Abd al-Kader, but after their defeat at Isly (1844), he made peace with France and refused the emir further asylum in Morocco. Abd ar-Rahman was at various times involved in difficulties with Austria, Spain, and Great Britain.
Abd-ar-rahman, the name borne by five princes of the Umayyad dynasty, amirs and caliphs of Cordova.

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