Abbe, Ernst

Abbe, Ernst

Abbe, Ernst, 1840-1905, German physicist. He was appointed professor at the Univ. of Jena in 1870 and director of its astronomical and meteorological observatories in 1878. From 1866 he was associated with the Carl-Zeiss optical works at Jena, of which he became sole owner in 1888. He subsequently reorganized the firm on a cooperative basis. He made his plant a laboratory for the development of model working conditions, created a noncontributory pension fund and a discharge compensation fund, and introduced other advanced ideas that have been influential in shaping thought on the conditions of labor. He invented the Abbe refractometer for determining the refractive index of substances and improved photographic and microscopic lenses.

The Ernst-Abbe-Sportfeld is a sports facility in Jena, Germany. It was dedicated on August 24, 1924 and was named after entrepreneur Ernst Abbe 15 years later. The facility is in southern Jena, directly on the Saale River. The City of Jena purchased the stadium from the Ernst-Abbe-Stiftung (The Ernst Abbe Foundation) in 1991.

The soccer and track stadium in the Ernst-Abbe-Sportfeld is the home field of FC Carl Zeiss Jena and TuS Jena. It has a capacity of over 12,000. There are 6,572 seats with 4,020 covered seats in the main stands. The spectator capacity will be increased to 14,000. 1997 saw the replacement of the original wooden bleachers from 1924 (which could seat only 420 people) with the new, modern stands to accommodate more spectators. The stadium's lights are mounted on four massive, hollow steel towers and are the result of the 1974 and 1994 renovations of the facility. The electronic scoreboard was installed in 1978 and was the first of its kind in East Germany.

The attendance record was set in 1962. Despite the then official capacity of 16,000 spectators, approximately 27,500 visitors found the way into the stadium for the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup semi-final versus Atlético Madrid.

Next to the stadium are additional facilities for soccer, track, and various other sports.

Coordinates: 50.916021 N 11.582931 E

Miscellanea

The world record for the javelin throw was set at the Ernst-Abbe-Sportfeld on May 25, 1996 by Jan Železný.

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