Axis: Bold as Love is the second studio album by The Jimi Hendrix Experience. Under pressure from their record company to follow-up the successful debut of their May 1967 album Are You Experienced, Axis: Bold as Love was released on Track Records in the UK in December 1967. It reached #5 in the UK and later, #3 in the US.
The album was recorded to fulfill the band's contract, which stated that they must produce two albums in 1967. Even so, it was not released in the USA until 1968 due to fears that it may disturb the sales of the first album. Bassist Noel Redding has noted that this was his favourite of three Experience albums. He plays eight string bass on some tracks.
Just before the album's completion, Hendrix left the master tapes of side 1 in a taxi. They were never found again, and thus the A-side had to be mixed again quickly.
Many of the album's songs were composed with studio recording techniques in mind and as a result were rarely performed live. Only 'Spanish Castle Magic
' and 'Little Wing
' were performed regularly. The lyrics of "Spanish Castle Magic
" were inspired by 'The Spanish Castle', a dance hall in what is now Des Moines, Washington
where Hendrix jammed with local rock groups during his high school years. On 'Little Wing
' Hendrix plays his guitar through a Leslie speaker
(a revolving speaker which creates a wavering effect, that is typically used with electric organs) for the first time. Hendrix's effects man Roger Mayer then invented the 'Univibe' effects pedal
to simulate the Leslie sound for him (the Uni-Vibe was made by Fumo Mieda an engineer of Shin-Ei company not Roger Mayer. Hendrix started using the Uni-Vibe in the summer of '69 just shortly after the release of the Uni-Vibe. Jimi Hendrix also used the obscure and elusive Jax Vibra Chorus - basically a Uni-Vibe with the addition of tremolo and full/slow repeat time selector - on various recordings.)
The intro track, "EXP", begins with a few notes from 'Stone Free' (although played one-half step down) and then features a conversation between Mitchell and Hendrix about UFOs, where Mitchell plays a radio host, and Hendrix plays an outerspace alien in the guise of a human named Mr. Paul Caruso, whose voice is gradually slowed down until he eventually takes off in his spaceship, much to the hosts consternation ("But-but-but", he splutters). Paul Caruso was actually a friend of Jimi's from his days in Greenwich Village; a harmonica player who plays on the track 'My Friend', recorded during the Electric Ladyland sessions and which can be found on the album 'First Rays of the New Rising Sun'. 'Up From the Skies' is a jazzy number featuring Mitchell playing with brushes. The song is about a Time traveller who has visited the earth thousands of years in the past, and returns to the present to "find the stars misplaced and the smell of a world, that has burned."
"Wait Until Tomorrow" is a pop-song with an R&B guitar riff with Mitchell and Redding singing backing vocals. The fourth track, 'Ain't No Telling', is a rock song with a complex structure despite its short length. 'Little Wing' is the Indian name of Hendrix's guardian angel. Jimi himself said that it was his impression of the Monterey Pop festival put into the form of a girl. 'If 6 Was 9', the last song on the A-side, is the album's longest track and arguably the most psychedelic; Gary Leeds (Walker Brothers) and Graham Nash use their feet during the outro to make some stomping. The song features prominently on the soundtrack for the 1969 counterculture film, 'Easy Rider'. "You Got Me Floatin", a rock song opening with a swirling backwards played guitar (which is absent on the mysterious, differently mixed Polydor version of this LP (only available in stereo), which outside of France & UK was the only one available in Europe, opens the second side of the album. The following track, 'Castles Made of Sand', is a ballad also making use of a backwards guitar solo. 'She's so Fine', Redding's contribution to the album as a composer, a very British Pop/Rock/Who influenced affair features Redding on lead vocals with help from Mitchell. 'One Rainy Wish' begins as a ballad but develops a rock feel during the chorus that is in a different time signature than the verses.
The song 'Little Miss Lover' was the first to feature a percussive muted wah-wah effect (with the fretboard hand "killing" notes) - a technique that was later adopted by many guitarists. The album is included in the book '1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die'. The final song of the album, Bold as Love, opens very abruptly and segues into a mellow groove similar to Little Wing and Castles Made of Sand. With a psychadelic chorus and an extended solo at the end it fades out the album.
Hendrix was a little disappointed with the album's cover art. Although he appreciated the symbolic design, he mentioned in an interview that it would have been more appropriate if the cover art showcased his American "Indian" heritage. The British Track records art department had independently chosen to use the current fad for all things Indian
to create the cover, and thus the album's cover has a photographed copy of a cheap, mass produced religious poster of the Hindu
devotional painting known as 'Viraat Purushan-Vishnuroopam' showing the different forms of Vishnu
with a small, superimposed painting of the group by Roger Law (from a photo portrait by Karl Ferris
) blended in. In November a giant B&W blow up of the fantastic day-glo pink, orange & blue offset litho print over gold foil, Haphash/Osiris poster featuring Hendrix dressed as a Native American, wearing a feathered War Bonnet, was used as a background to his appearance on 'Hoepla', a controversial Dutch TV show. This poster, although produced later in London, and supposedly commissioned by Hendrix has text along the top to make it appear as if it was an original poster, advertising his (post Monterey) 1967 Fillmore concerts, this design was possibly what he had in mind. Original prints of this poster are probably all in collections and only later copies occasionally come up for sale at huge prices. The original Track UK issue came in a gatefold sleeve with a large B&W portrait photo of the group by Donald Silverstein spread over the inside and an orange sheet insert with overprinted lyrics in red, the allegedly high cost of this packaging was a topic of note in the music press. The USA issue had no insert and instead of the group photo inside, had the lyrics. In Europe, the Polydor issue had no lyrics and unfortunately stuck an inch wide white border round the inside portrait, spoiling its effect, while the French dispensed with the original cover entirely and put it in a dull single sleeve with a photo of the group taken from a recent French TV show on the front.
All songs written by Jimi Hendrix, except where noted.
- "EXP" – 1:55
- "Up from the Skies" – 2:55
- "Spanish Castle Magic" – 3:00
- "Wait Until Tomorrow" – 3:00
- "Ain't No Telling" – 1:46
- "Little Wing" – 2:24
- "If 6 Was 9" – 5:32
- "You Got Me Floatin'" – 2:45
- "Castles Made of Sand" – 2:46
- "She's So Fine" (Noel Redding) – 2:37
- "One Rainy Wish" – 3:40
- "Little Miss Lover" – 2:20
- "Bold as Love" – 4:09
The last recording by Jimi Hendrix to have a dedicated mono mix, this was only released in the UK and the US. Also released in stereo world wide.
The Polydor release (at least in Europe) mysteriously had a different mix from that released in UK, France, US and the rest of the world
"Little Wing" has become one of Hendrix's best-known songs. It was covered three years after its initial release by Eric Clapton
's short lived band, Derek and the Dominos
. The song was also popularized as an instrumental rock
song by Stevie Ray Vaughan
. Kirk Hammett
covered the song on live performances, Skid Row
(not the original group of that name) released a live version of it on their EP B-Side Ourselves
, and Sting
included an adult contemporary
rendition of the song on his ...Nothing Like the Sun
album. Irish band The Corrs
also recorded a cover of the song on their album Talk On Corners
and on their Unplugged
Another notable musician who has covered a song from Axis: Bold as Love is Brian May who covered "One Rainy Wish" on his Another World album. John Mayer covered "Wait Until Tomorrow" on Try! and "Bold as Love" on Continuum. Joan Osborne, of "What If God Was One of Us" fame also covered "Bold as Love" on How Sweet It Is. The Pretenders also covered "Bold as Love" on the 1993 Hendrix tribute album Stone Free: A Tribute to Jimi Hendrix.
The Red Hot Chili Peppers recorded covers of "Little Miss Lover" and "Castles Made of Sand" for possible inclusion on their album 'Blood Sugar Sex Magik'. They were later released as bonus tracks on the iTunes re-release of the album. They also released a live cover of "Castles Made of Sand" on 'Out in LA' and later the re-release of their album Mother's Milk.
Phish has also covered some of Jimi's songs, including "Bold as Love", on live CDs and concerts.
Caetano Veloso and Gilberto Gil covered "Wait Until Tomorrow" on their album Tropicalia 25.
- Jimi Hendrix – guitar, vocals, bass, piano, flute, voice of 'Mr. Paul Caruso' on 'EXP'
- Mitch Mitchell – drums, glockenspiel on 'Little Wing', backing vocals, "interviewer" on 'EXP'
- Noel Redding – bass, backing vocals, foot stamping on 'If 6 Was 9', lead vocals on 'She's So Fine'. (An eight string bass is used on several tracks.)
- Gary Leeds – foot stamping on 'If 6 Was 9'
- Graham Nash – foot stamping on 'If 6 Was 9'
- Michael Jeffery – foot stamping on 'If 6 Was 9'
- Trevor Burton – back-up vocals on 'You've Got Me Floatin
- Roy Wood – back-up vocals on 'You've Got Me Floatin
- Chas Chandler – producer and foot stamping on 'If 6 Was 9'
- Eddie Kramer – Chief engineer
- Engineers: George Chkiantz, Andy Johns and Terry Brown
- Recorded at: Olympic Studios, London, England.
- Cover design: David King, Roger Law, painted heads based on a Karl Ferris group portrait (front)
- Photography: Donald Silverstein (UK inner portrait)
- CD Remastering supervisors: Janie Hendrix, John McDermott
- CD Remastering: Joe Gastwirt, Eddie Kramer, George Marino
- CD Inlay design: Petra Niemeier
- CD Liner notes: Michael Fairchild, Jym Fahey
- CD Liner photography: David Sygall