Charles John Seghers
(sometimes written as Charles Jean Seghers
) (December 26
, Belgium - November 28
, Bishop's Rock, Canada) was a Belgian clergyman and missionary bishop. He is considered to be the founder of the Alaska
Early years and formation
He was born to Charles Francis and Pauline Seghers and attended school at the Jesuit
High School of Ste. Barbe in Ghent
, and the American College
. Ordained priest in May, 1863 in Mechlin
, Belgium, he left soon after to begin his missionary work in the area of Vancouver
, Canada in November of that year.
While there, he founded St. Joseph's Hospital in Victoria, British Columbia
. He returned to Rome
to take part in the First Vatican Council
. He was appointed as a diocesan administrator in 1871, and later Bishop of Vancouver Island (now Bishop of Victoria) on June 29, 1873. He made his first visit to Alaska
, which was included in his diocese, three weeks later. He made five visits to Alaska during his term as bishop. In June 1878, he left Nulato, Alaska
, where he had set up a temporary headquarters, and set sail to San Francisco
, where he learned he had been appointed Coadjustor Archbishop of Oregon City, later to be renamed the Archdiocese of Portland
. Although he personally would have preferred remaining a missionary, he accepted the appointment. He would later become the Archbishop in 1880. In that capacity, he visited Rome in 1883, and took part that year in the Third Plenary Council of Baltimore
. After petitioning Pope Leo XIII
to be reassigned to Vancouver again, his wish was granted. This allowed him to return to missionary work. He established missions in Juneau
, and also founded a school and hospital in Juneau.
In 1886, with two Jesuit priests, Pascal Tosi
and Aloysius Robaut, and one layman, Frank Fuller, he sailed from Victoria with the intention of reaching the upper Yukon
. When they reached the confluence of the Yukon River
and Stewart River
, Seghers decided the other two priests should spend the winter there, while he and Fuller would press on to Nulato. Father Tosi expressed concerns about this proposal, noting that Fuller had displayed signs of emotional instability. Seghers acknowledged the concern, and how the lateness of the season would likely impact his work. He gave as his reasons for going ahead anyway as his wish to fulfill a promise made to the people of Nulato to return eight years earlier, and that there were stories that an Anglican
priest, who was allegedly at St. Michael, Alaska
, might arrive there and establish himself before Seghers. As they continued down the river, Seghers came to realize that, as traveling conditions and the boat deteriorated, Fuller's mind did as well. On October 16, he wrote in his diary: Peculiar conversation with (Fuller) in which, for the third time, he gives evidence of insanity.
On November 27, Seghers and Fuller, with two native guides they had acquired at Nuklukayet, decided to spend the night at the fish camp at what is today known as "Bishop's Rock". Seghers was in high spirits, laughing frequently, thinking that he would finally reach Nulato the following day. Fuller, however, remained sullen, looking suspiciously at his companions and remaining agitated throughout the night.
Between six and seven the next morning, the party arose and prepared for the final leg of their journey. As Seghers bent over to pick up his mittens, Fuller fired a single shot which killed Seghers instantly.
His body was taken to St. Michael for burial. The next year, it was exhumed and sent to Victoria, and buried in the crypt at St. Andrew's Cathedral. He is still referred to as "the founder of the Alaska missions."