Muhammadu Buhari (born December 17, 1942) was the military ruler of Nigeria (December 31,1983 - August 27, 1985) and an unsuccessful candidate for president in the April 19, 2003 presidential election. His ethnic background is Fulani and his faith is Islam; his family is from Katsina State.
|The Buhari Cabinet|
|Head of State||Muhammadu Buhari||1984-1985|
|Chief of Staff||Tunde Idiagbon||1984-1985|
|Communications||A Abdullahi, Lt Col||1984-1985|
|Abuja||Mamman Jiya Vatsa||1984-1985|
|Internal Affairs||Mohammed Magoro||1984-1985|
|Foreign Affairs||Ibrahim Gambari||1984-1985|
|Minister of Information||Sam Omeruah||1984-1985|
In 2003, Buhari contested the Presidential election as the candidate of the All Nigeria People's Party (ANPP). He was defeated by the People's Democratic Party nominee, President Olusẹgun Ọbasanjọ, by a margin of more than eleven million votes. It should be pointed out that in some states, like Ebonyi, there were more votes than there were actually registered voters . Although some allegations of fraud were conclusively proven in the Courts and the conduct of the election criticized by the same Commonwealth body that did criticize the Zimbabwean elections, the general consensus among Nigerians was that he should not waste his time in court as he did not have the necessary resources to "buy" himself justice. Eventually, the same court also decided that the level of proven electoral fraud was not sufficient to affect the outcome of the election and to warrant the cancellation of the whole Presidential election.
On 18th December 2006, Gen. Buhari was nominated as the consensus candidate of the All Nigeria People's Party. His main challenger in the April 2007 polls was the ruling PDP candidate, Umaru Yar'Adua, who also hails from the same home state - Katsina. In the election, Buhari officially took 18% of the vote against 70% for Yar'Adua, but Buhari rejected these results . After Yar'Adua took office, the ANPP agreed to join his government, but Buhari denounced this agreement .
Apart from late Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi, Buhari remains one of the few former leaders of Nigeria who has never been suspected of corruption. In fact, after his release from detention, he had no accommodation to live in. He also had to borrow money from the bank to purchase the ANPP Presidential Nomination form, which cost 10 million naira . His sole source of income is his military pension .