Definitions

Yoga Sutra

Yoga-darsana

Yoga-darsana (the philosophy of Yoga) is based on the exposition of the epistemological, metaphysical, and methodological ideas of an age-long meditative tradition codified in the work of Patanjali and widely known as Yoga Sutras. As distinct from the Tantra and Hatha-Yoga traditions, Yoga-darsana is concerned primarily with acquisition and perpetuation of two states of mind referred to as "collocative" (sapaksa) with Yoga, namely, the state of the onepointed mind (ekāgratā) and the state of the inhibited mental functions (niruddha). The Yoga itself is being equated with samādhi.

Yoga-darsana is also the title of a collection of six classical commentaries of Yoga-sutra critically edited and published by Dhundhiraj Shastri in 1935. The book is by far the most authoritative source of the Hindu Yogic tradition and fundamental for the correct understanding of the proper philosophical intention of Patanjali. This edition serves as the basis for an Indopedia input project offering the original Sanskrit text of the Yoga-sutras, their hypertext English translation, as well as excerpts or copious notes from 14 subsequent commentaries, starting with Vyasa-bhasya and going up to Bhasvati of Hariharananda Aranya.

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