Yining (Uighur غۇلجا Ghulja; also Ili, Yili, Kuldja, Kulja, Ghulja, Ining, Kulca) is a county-level city in western Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region of northwestern China, and the capital of the Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture. Also known in ancient times as Almaliq.
Kulja was also a name of the Ili region in the past.
The land area and population of the City of Yining were smaller before 2004; the increase resulted from the transfer of 2 villages with some 100 km² of land from the adjacent Yining County (which is a separate administrative unit from the City of Yining).
From 13-15th century it was under the control of Chagatai Khanate known as Almaligh. In the 19th and early 20th century, the word Kuldja or Kulja was often used in Russia and in the West as the name for the entire Chinese part of the Ili River basin as well as for its two main cities. The usage of 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica is fairly characteristic: it defines Kulja as a "territory in north-west China" bounded by the Russian border and the mountains that surround the Ili basin, and it talks about two major cities of the region:
Suiding was located some 40 km to the northwest of Yining, in today's Huocheng County; the regional capital was moved there circa 1883, prior to which the apellation New Kulja or Manchu Kulja was applied to the Huiyuan Cheng fortress, which was a bit closer to Yining.
In 1864-66, the city suffered severely from fighting during the Muslim Rebellion. The city and the rest of the Ili River basin was seized by the Russians in 1871 during Yakub Beg's independent rule of Kashgaria. It was restored to China under the terms of the Treaty of Saint Petersburg (1881).
Wipo Publishes Patent of Netac Technology, Liu Yining for "Method and Corresponding System for Remotely Controlling Wireless Multimedia Communication System" (Chinese Inventor)
Sep 07, 2012; GENEVA, Sept. 7 -- Publication No. WO/2012/116619 was published on Sept. 7. Title of the invention: "METHOD AND CORRESPONDING...