Yediot Achronot

List of most common surnames

Surnames are unique and there are thousands of them all over the world. In different countries, some names are more common than others. In the past, surnames were often given depending on one's occupation. For example, a blacksmith's surname would most likely be 'Smith,' and a baker's surname would probably be 'Baker'. This is a listing of the most common surnames (alphabetical by country names):

Asia

China

According to the survey conducted by Chinese Academy of Sciences released in January 2006, the top twenty surnames in China are listed as follows:

  1. (李) Li
  2. (王) Wáng
  3. (张) Zhāng
  4. (刘) Liú
  5. (陈) Chén
  6. (杨) Yáng
  7. (黄) Huáng
  8. (赵) Zhào
  9. (周) Zhōu
  10. (吴)
  11. (徐)
  12. (孙) Sūn
  13. (朱) Zhū
  14. (马)
  15. (胡)
  16. (郭) Guō
  17. (林) Lín
  18. (何)
  19. (高) Gāo
  20. (梁) Liáng

Japan

Based on the Japanese surname Dictionary (日本苗字大辞典) issued in July 1996, there are 291,129 different surnames in Japan. If surnames pronounced or romanized the same but written with different Chinese characters count as different surnames, there are believed to be approximately 300,000 surnames in Japan. The top 10 surnames cover approximately 10% of the population and the top ranked 7,000 surnames cover slightly more than approx. 96%.(Source: Top 7,000 Surnames of Japan)

This ranking is based on the average number of the entries in all Japanese Yellow Pages for the past three years.

Name Romanization No. of entries
1 佐藤 Satō 456,430
2 鈴木 Suzuki 403,506
3 高橋 Takahashi 335,288
4 田中 Tanaka 314,770
5 渡辺 (渡邊) Watanabe 263,817
6 伊藤 Itō 255,876
7 山本 Yamamoto 254,662
8 中村 Nakamura 249,509
9 小林 Kobayashi 241,651
10 斎藤 (斉藤) Saitō 225,404
11 加藤 Katō 203,101
12 吉田 Yoshida 197,460
13 山田 Yamada 197,460
14 佐々木 Sasaki 169,617
15 山口 Yamaguchi 152,065
16 松本 Matsumoto 149,006
17 井上 Inoue 143,552
18 木村 Kimura 137,160
19 Hayashi 129,673
20 清水 Shimizu 123,953
21 山崎 Yamazaki / Yamasaki 114,802
22 Mori 110,430
23 阿部 / 安倍 Abe 108,369
24 池田 Ikeda 108,369
25 橋本 Hashimoto 105,778
26 山下 Yamashita 102,647
27 石川 Ishikawa 97,704
28 中島 Nakajima / Nakashima 95,699
29 前田 Maeda 93,207
30 藤田 Fujita 91,298
31 小川 Ogawa 91,298
32 岡田 Okada 89,856
33 後藤 Gotō 89,818
34 長谷川 Hasegawa 87,815
35 村上 Murakami 86,992
36 近藤 Kondō 86,695
37 石井 Ishii 86,234
38 坂本 Sakamoto 78,849
39 遠藤 Endō 78,178
40 青木 Aoki 76,233
41 藤井 Fujii 75,826
42 西村 Nishimura 75,264
43 福田 Fukuda 74,510
44 太田 Ōta 74,352
45 三浦 Miura 72,640
46 藤原 Fujiwara 72,569
47 岡本 Okamoto 71,443
48 松田 Matsuda 71,102
49 中川 Nakagawa 70,889
50 中野 Nakano 70,082
Source: Nationwide Top 10,000 SurnamesbyTadashige Murayama The 2006 Japanese Surnames Research. Myōji-kan (苗字舘). Retrieved on 2007-11-12..

Korea

Korean surnames have a variety of ways of being romanized.

  1. 김 (金; Kim, Gim)
  2. 이 (李; Lee, Yi, I)
  3. 박 (朴; Park, Pak, Bak)
  4. 최 (崔; Choi, Choe)
  5. 정 (鄭; Jeong, Chung)
  6. 강 (姜; Kang, Gang)
  7. 조 (曹; Cho, Jo, Joe)
  8. 윤 (尹; Yoon, Youn, Yun)
  9. 장 (張; Jang, Chang)
  10. 신 (申; Shin, Sin)
  11. 한 (韓; Han)
  12. 서 (徐; Seo,Suh)
  13. 권 (權; Kwon)
  14. 손 (孫; Son, Sohn)
  15. 황 (黃; Hwang, Whang)
  16. 송 (宋; Song,Soung)
  17. 안 (安; Ahn, An)
  18. 임 (林; Lim, Rim, Im)
  19. 유 (柳; Yoo, Yu)
  20. 홍 (洪; Hong)
  21. 전 (全; Jeon, Jun)

Source: National Statistical Office, Republic of Korea

Philippines

Common surnames

  1. Santos
  2. Reyes
  3. Cruz
  4. Bautista
  5. Ocampo
  6. Garcia
  7. Mendoza
  8. Torres
  9. Castillo
  10. Flores
  11. Villanueva
  12. Ramos
  13. Castro
  14. Rivera
  15. Aquino
  16. Navarro
  17. Salazar
  18. Mercado
  19. Concepcion
  20. SantiagoPrefix DE'
  21. Dela Cruz
  22. Delos Reyes
  23. Del Rosario
  24. Delos Santos
  25. De Guzman
  26. De Castro
  27. Dela Vega
  28. Dela Rosa
  29. De Asis
  30. De RosalesSuffix 'EZ
  31. González
  32. López
  33. Hernández
  34. Pérez
  35. Fernández
  36. Ramirez
  37. Dominguez
  38. Enriquez
  39. Alvarez
  40. Sánchez

The majority of Filipinos use Spanish surnames like other former Spanish colonies. However, many Filipinos still use their native surnames such as Kalaw, Macaraeg, Gatdula and many others. Filipino Chinese often use their Chinese family names. Some other Filipino mestizos (mixed-ancestry) bear the foreign names of their bloodline.

Source: National Statistics Office

Singapore

Popular Chinese surnames - based on a paper. . published by Statistics Singapore, 2000:

  1. Tan 陈 (陳)
  2. Lim
  3. Lee
  4. Ng
  5. Ong
  6. Wong
  7. Goh
  8. Chua
  9. Chan 陈 (陳)
  10. Koh 许 (許)
  11. Teo 张 (張)
  12. Ang
  13. Yeo 杨 (楊)
  14. Tay 郑 (鄭)
  15. Ho
  16. Low 刘 (劉)
  17. Toh
  18. Sim
  19. Chong 张 (張)
  20. Chia 谢(謝)

Taiwan

Popular Taiwanese surnames - based on Ministry of the Interior also see Common Chinese Names

  1. Chen 陳 (11.06%)
  2. Lin 林 (8.28%)
  3. Huang, Hwang 黃 (6.01%)
  4. Zhang 張 (5.26%)
  5. Lee 李 (5.11%)
  6. Wang 王 (4.12%)
  7. Wu 吳 (4.04%)
  8. Liu, Liou, Lu, Lew 劉 (3.17%)
  9. Tsai, Chai, Tsay, Sai 蔡 (2.91%)
  10. Yang 楊 (2.66%)

Vietnam

The top 10 surnames cover more than 80% of population.

  1. Nguyễn 阮 (38.4%)
  2. Trần 陳 (11%)
  3. 黎 (9.5%)
  4. Phạm 范 (7.1%)
  5. Huỳnh/Hoàng 黃 (5.1%)
  6. Phan 潘 (4.5%)
  7. Vũ/ 武 (3.9%)
  8. Đặng 鄧(2.1%)
  9. Bùi 裴 (2%)
  10. Đỗ 杜 (1.4%)
  11. Hồ 胡 (1.3%)
  12. Ngô 吳 (1.3%)
  13. Dương 楊 (1%)
  14. 李 (0.5%)

Source: Họ Và Tên Người Việt Nam ("Vietnamese Family and Personal Names"), compiled by Professor Le Trung Hoa, Social Sciences Publishing House (2005).

India

Common North and Central India surnames

(Delhi, Haryana, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, etc.)

  1. Kapoor/Kapur (Punjabi)
  2. Tandon
  3. Khanna (name)
  4. Arora
  5. Gill (Punjab)
  6. Singh (entire North India)
  7. Verma (primarily Bihar or UP)
  8. Gupta
  9. Agrawal/Agarwal/Aggarwal (Rajasthan, UP, MP)
  10. Malhotra
  11. Bhatnagar (UP/Bihar)
  12. Saxena (UP/Bihar)
  13. Sharma (whole of North India.; primarily UP)
  14. Jha (Mithlanchal)
  15. Mehra (Punjab)
  16. Chopra (Punjab)
  17. Nayyar (Punjab)
  18. Sarin
  19. Kaul (Kashmir)
  20. Watal (Kashmir)
  21. Malik
  22. Yadav (UP/Bihar)
  23. Jhadav
  24. Jaiteley
  25. Chauhan (Rajasthan, MP)
  26. Mistry
  27. Mishra
  28. Khan (implies Pathan origin)
  29. Rawat
  30. Pareek
  31. Ohri (Punjab)
  32. Patidar
  33. Patel

Common Eastern India surnames

(Mostly Bengal but also Orissa, Assam, etc.)

  1. Chatterjee/Chattopadhayay/Chatterji
  2. Mitra
  3. Ghosh
  4. Bose
  5. Sengupta
  6. Das
  7. Dasgupta
  8. Banerjee/Bandopadhyay
  9. Mukopadhyay/Mukherji
  10. Patra/Mahapatra (Orissa)
  11. Pattnaik
  12. Mohanty
  13. Sarma/Sarmah (Regional variations of Sharma )

Common North-(far)Eastern India surnames

(Assam, Tripura, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Arunachalpradesh, Sikkim)

  1. Bhutia (Sikkim)
  2. Thapa (Nepal/Sikkim)
  3. Lyndem (Meghalaya)

Common Southern India surnames

(Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, etc.)

  1. Menon (Kerala)
  2. Nair (Kerala)
  3. Shetty(Karnataka)
  4. Pillai
  5. Rao (Karnataka, Maharashtra, Andhra)
  6. Jayaraman
  7. Venkatesan
  8. Balasubramanium
  9. Subramanium
  10. Rangan
  11. Uthappa (Coorg)
  12. Rangarajan
  13. Rai (Karnataka)

Common Western India surnames

(Maharashtra, Gujarat, etc)

  1. Patel (Gujarat)
  2. Shah (Gujarat)
  3. Mehta (Punjab/Gujarat)
  4. Patil (Maharashtra)
  5. Pawar/Powar
  6. Gavde
  7. Kadam
  8. Joshi
  9. Tambe
  10. Chavan
  11. D'souza, Lobo, Rodrigues, D'Costa (Goan surnames- former Portuguese colonies in India)
  12. Jessia, Tata (Parsi surnames. Usually found in Bombay/Gujarat)

Source: .

Middle East

Israel

This is a list of the most common Jewish surnames in Israel:

Name % of pop.
1 Cohen (כהן) 2.52
2 Levi (לוי) (sometimes spelled Levy) 1.48
3 Mizrachi (מזרחי) 0.47
4 Peretz (פרץ) 0.42
5 Biton (ביטון) 0.40
6 Dahan
7 Avraham
8 Friedman
9 Azulai
10 Malcah
11 Katz
12 David
13 Gabai
14 Amar
15 Ochion
16 Chadad (Hadad)
17 Yosef
18 Ben-David
19 Adrei
20 Levin
21 Moshe
22 Ashkenazi
23 Tal
24 Segel
25 Chazan
26 Shapira
27 Yitzchak
28 Klein
29 Golan
30 Chen
Source: http://www.britam.org/jerusalem/jerusalem271to300.html, quoting from Yediot Achronot, February 23, 2004.

Central America

Costa Rica

# Surname Persons % of pop.
1 Jiménez
2 Mora
3 Rodríguez
4 González
5 Hernández
6 Morales
7 Sánchez
8 Ramírez
9 Pérez
10 Calderón
11 Gutiérrez
12 Rojas
13 Salas
14 Vargas
15 Torres
16 Segura
17 Valverde
18 Villalobos
19 Araya
20 Herrera
21 López
22 Madrigal
Total pop. (2008) 4,016,173 100.00
Source: " Conozca los nombres más curiosos del país," Periódico Al Día.

Eurasia (transcontinental)

Russia

The 20 most common Russian surnames (from the European part of Russia, as calculated by Balanovska et al., 2006, ):

  1. Смирнов (Smirnov, 1.61%) - "quiet man's"
  2. Иванов (Ivanov, 1.30%) - "John's"
  3. Кузнецов (Kuznetsov, 0.90%) - "smith's"
  4. Попов (Popov, 0.79%) - "priest's"
  5. Соколов (Sokolov, 0.73%) - "falcon's"
  6. Лебедев (Lebedev, 0,65%) - "swan's"
  7. Козлов (Kozlov, 0,58%) - "he-goat's"
  8. Новиков (Novikov, 0,54%) - "novik's" (novik - a teenager on military service who comes from a noble, boyar, or cossack family in Russia of 16th-18th centuries).
  9. Морозов (Morozov, 0.53%) - "frost's"
  10. Петров (Petrov, 0.44%) - "Peter's"
  11. Волков (Volkov, 0.44%) - "wolf's"
  12. Соловьёв (Solovyov, 0.44%) - "nightingale's"
  13. Васильев (Vasilyev, 0.42%) - "Basil's"
  14. Зайцев (Zaytsev, 0.41%) - "hare's"
  15. Павлов (Pavlov, 0.39%) - "Paul's"
  16. Семёнов (Semyonov, 0,35%) - "Simeon's"
  17. Голубев (Golubev, 0,32%) - "pigeon's"
  18. Виноградов (Vinogradov, 0.32%) - "grape's"
  19. Богданов (Bogdanov, 0.31%) - "Bogdan's" (Bogdan - a Ukrainian given name)
  20. Воробьёв (Vorobyov, 0.30%) - "sparrow's"

Russian surnames may originally denote "son of" or "serf of". Women's surnames have an "-a" feminine ending. Thus, for example, "Ivanova" means "belonging to John" or "John's daughter".

The Russian equivalent of "Smith, Jones, and Brown" (that is, the generic most popular surnames) is Иванов, Петров, Сидоров, or "Johnson, Peterson, and Sidorson". The last of these, Sidorov - "of Sidor" is actually not a very common surname at all, while Sidor as a given name is virtually unknown. According to latest studies (2006), the most common Russian surnames are actually Smirnov, Ivanov and Kuznetsov.

Turkey

  1. Yılmaz (means "dauntless")
  2. Kaya (means "rock")
  3. Demir (means "iron")
  4. Şahin (means "falcon")
  5. Çelik (means "steel")
  6. [name]oğlu (son of [name])

Source: Turkish Directorate-General of Population and Citizenships: &

Europe

Austria

The forty most common surnames in Austria as published in 2006 are shown below beside the approximate percentage of the Austrian population sharing each surname.

Rank Name Approximate percentage
1 Gruber 0.3991
2 Huber 0.3873
3 Bauer 0.3373
4 Wagner 0.3100
5 Müller 0.3012
6 Pichler 0.2753
7 Steiner 0.2713
8 Moser 0.2674
9 Mayer 0.2653
10 Hofer 0.2479
11 Leitner 0.2429
12 Berger 0.2383
13 Fuchs 0.2250
14 Eder 0.2144
15 Fischer 0.2141
16 Schmid 0.2115
17 Winkler 0.2015
18 Weber 0.1995
19 Schwarz 0.1961
20 Maier 0.1946
21 Schneider 0.1915
22 Reiter 0.1790
23 Mayr 0.1751
24 Schmidt 0.1740
25 Wimmer 0.1628
26 Egger 0.1610
27 Brunner 0.1602
28 Lang 0.1599
29 Baumgartner 0.1586
30 Auer 0.1555
31 Binder 0.1458
32 Lechner 0.1435
33 Wolf 0.1395
34 Wallner 0.1394
35 Aigner 0.1386
36 Ebner 0.1342
37 Koller 0.1301
38 Lehner 0.1268
39 Haas 0.1261
40 Schuster 0.1168

Belgium

Belgium is a European nation composed of three main regions: Flemish (Flanders), Walloon (Wallonia), and Brussels (nestled in south Flanders, near the Wallonian border). The Flemish region has a Dutch language tradition, while the Walloon region has a French language tradition. These different linguistic histories are reflected in differing commonalities of surnames, as shown in the table below.

National Rank Name Number of people Flemish Region Walloon Region Brussels-Capital Region
1 Peeters 33,113 1 70 2
2 Janssens 30,996 2 57 1
3 Maes 25,567 3
4 Jacobs 20,096 4 4
5 Mertens 18,699 5
6 Willems 18,540 5
7 Claes 16,757
8 Goossens 16,075
9 Wouters 15,834
10 De Smet 14,251
13 Dubois 12,973 <100 1 3
17 Lambert 11,850 <100 2
21 Dupont 10,319 4
31 Martin 8,995 3
36 Dumont 7,998 5

Czech Republic

Rank Name Number of people
1 Novák (meaning: new man) 70 504
2 Svoboda (freedom) 52 088
3 Novotný (prob. new man) 49 962
4 Dvořák (grange owner) 46 099
5 Černý (black) 36 743
6 Procházka (the walk) 33 274
7 Kučera (the curl) 31 286
8 Veselý (funny, merry) 26 481
9 Horák (highlander) 25 174
10 Němec (German) 22 795
11 Marek (orig. given name) 22 548
12 Pokorný (humble, submissive) 22 203
13 Pospíšil (lit. he hurried) 22 189
14 Hájek (little grove) 21 276
15 Jelínek (little deer) 20 733
16 Král (king) 20 510
17 Růžička (little rose) 19 846
18 Beneš (orig. diminutive of given name Benedikt) 19 600
19 Fiala (the violet) 19 121
20 Sedláček (little farmer) 18 484
Source: Ministry of Interior (as of 2002).

Feminized names included (m. Novák - f. Nováková).

Denmark

Most popular Danish family names (as of 2004):

  1. Jensen 303,089
  2. Nielsen 296,850
  3. Hansen 248,968
  4. Pedersen 186,913
  5. Andersen 172,894
  6. Christensen 133,033
  7. Larsen 129,662
  8. Sørensen 124,175
  9. Rasmussen 104,130
  10. Jørgensen 98,354
  11. Petersen 92,189
  12. Madsen 70,176
  13. Kristensen 65,074
  14. Olsen 54,044
  15. Thomsen 40,514
  16. Christiansen 40,224
  17. Poulsen 34,203
  18. Johansen 33,120
  19. Knudsen 31,977
  20. Mortensen 31,252

The most popular Danish family names all end with "sen", meaning "son". That means, that for example "Jensen" is "son of Jens", "Poulsen" is "son of Poul". An example: if Hans Petersen's father was Peter Sørensen, Hans' father's name was Peter, and his grandfather's Søren. His son would then be (first name) Hansen. This method of naming children was widely used up to the middle of the 19th century. Sometimes it was also common to give to girls names such as "Jensdatter" or "Poulsdatter", meaning daughter of Jens, or daughter of Poul. These names are now seldom seen in Denmark, but still widely known and used in Iceland (where the ending is -dóttir).

Nowadays, the "sen" names have lost their meanings, because women bear them too.

Estonia

Many common Estonian surnames relate to nature and the natural environment:

  1. Tamm (5,180) - Oak/dam
  2. Saar (4,306) - Ash (tree)/island
  3. Mägi (3,565) - Mountain/hill
  4. Sepp (3,550) - Smith
  5. Kask - Birch
  6. Kukk - Rooster
  7. Rebane - Fox
  8. Ilves - Lynx
  9. Pärn - Linden
  10. Koppel - Paddock
  11. Luik - Swan
  12. Oja - Brook
  13. Kaasik - Birch grove
  14. Lepik - Alder grove
  15. Raudsepp - Blacksmith
  16. Kuusk - Spruce/fir
  17. Karu - Bear
  18. Kütt - Hunter
  19. Põder - Moose
  20. Vaher- Maple

Source: Ministry of Internal Affairs Estonia, press release "Tamm, Saar, Mägi and Sepp are the most common family names in Estonia" 09.02.2005, February 1, 2005.

Finland

  1. Virtanen - 24,204 (0.461%)
  2. Korhonen - 23,721 (0.452%)
  3. Nieminen - 21,841 (0.416%)
  4. Mäkinen - 21,699 (0.414%)
  5. Mäkelä - 19,674 (0.375%)
  6. Hämäläinen - 19,518 (0.372%)
  7. Laine - 18,908 (0.360%)
  8. Koskinen - 18,058 (0.344%)
  9. Heikkinen - 17,939 (0.342%)
  10. Järvinen - 17,381 (0.331%)

Most of the names on this list are typical examples of surnames that were adopted in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, a time before which many Finns had no surname in today's sense. In the romantic spirit, they refer to natural features — virta "river", koski "rapids", mäki "hill" — often with the suffix -nen added after the model of older, mainly eastern Finnish surnames such as Korhonen and Heikkinen. "Hämäläinen" literally means an inhabitant of Häme. Heikki is a Finnish form of the man's name Henry.

Source: Population Register Centre, 20 June 2005. Percentages are based on the population of Finland on 21 June 2005.

France

  1. Martin - 235,846 (0.393%) - From Saint Martin, patron saint of France (from Martius, Latin for warrior)
  2. Bernard - 105,132 (0.175%) - From Saint Bernard, from Germanic for bold as a bear
  3. Dubois - 95,998 (0.159%) - "From the wood"
  4. Thomas - 95,387 (0.158%) - From Saint Thomas (Jesus' Disciple), from Aramaic for twin
  5. Robert - 91,393 (0.152%) - From Germanic for bright fame
  6. Richard - 90,689 (0.151§) - "Rich/powerful"
  7. Petit - 88,318 (0.147%) - "Small" (size)
  8. Durand - 84,252 (0.140%) - From Durandus (Latin for strong, lasting)
  9. Leroy - 78,868 (0.131%) - "The King/The winner"
  10. Moreau - 78,177 (0.130) - Dark complexion (like Maures)
  11. Simon - 76,655 (0.127%) - From Saint Simon, from Hebrew for God heard
  12. Laurent - 75,307 (0.125%) - From Saint Laurent, from Latin laurens, Laurel-crowned
  13. Lefebvre - 74,564 (0.124%) - "The smith"
  14. Michel - 74,318 (0.123%) - From Saint Michel, from Hebrew for Who is like God
  15. Garcia - 68,720 (0.114%) - Spanish surname
  16. David - 61,762 (0.103%) - From King David, from Hebrew for Beloved
  17. Bertrand - 59,817 (0.100%) From Germanic for bright and vigorous
  18. Roux - 59,440 (0.099%) - "Red-haired"
  19. Vincent - 57,351 (0.096%) - From Saint Vincent, from Latin vicens, winner
  20. Fournier - 57,047 (0.095%) - "Baker"
  21. Morel - 56,760 (0.095%) - Dark complexion (like Maures)
  22. Girard - 55,642 (0.093%) - From Germanic for bold as a spear
  23. André - 55,228 (0.092%) - From Saint André, from Greek for manly
  24. Lefèvre - 53670 (0.089%) - "The smith"
  25. Mercier - 53622 (0.089%) - "Trader/Shopkeeper"

Source: (2004)

Georgia

Name Number of people
1 Beridze 19,765
2 Mammadov 19,294
3 Kapanadze 13,294
4 Gelashvili 13,505
5 Aliyev 13,118
Source: 2007.

Germany

Data from 1995.

  1. Müller (0.95%) (Miller)
  2. Schmidt (0.69%) (Smith, blacksmith)
  3. Schneider (0.40%) (Tailor)
  4. Fischer (0.35%) (Fisher)
  5. Meyer (0.33%) (from Latin "major", the bigger one, referring to the name-giver's status, means "official" (mayor, police officer, sheriff, etc), "peasant", or from the Jewish surname Meir; also: Meier, 0.15%; Maier, 0.13%; Mayer, 0.13%)
  6. Weber (0.30%) (Weaver)
  7. Schulz (0.27%) (regionally for mayor)
  8. Wagner (0.27%) (Wainwright, Wright; builder of wagons and carriages)
  9. Becker (0.27%) (Baker)
  10. Hoffmann (0.26%) (owning a farm)
  11. Schäfer (Shephard)
  12. Koch (Cook)
  13. Bauer (Farmer)
  14. Richter (Judge)
  15. Klein (small)
  16. Schröder (Taylor)
  17. Wolf
  18. Neumann (Newman)
  19. Schwarz (Black)
  20. Zimmermann (Carpenter)
  21. Krüger (Innkeeper)
  22. Braun (Brown)
  23. Hofmann (Farmer)
  24. Schmitz (Smith)
  25. Hartmann (Strongman or Woodman)
  26. Lange (Long)
  27. Schmitt (Smith)
  28. Werner (strong warrior)
  29. Krause (Curly)
  30. Meier (Major)
  31. Schmid (Smith)
  32. Lehmann (Vassal)
  33. Schultze (Judge)
  34. Maier (Major)
  35. Köhler (Collier)
  36. Herrmann (Warrior)
  37. Walter (Harold)
  38. König (King)
  39. Mayer (Major)
  40. Huber (Farmer)
  41. Kaiser (Caesar)
  42. Fuchs (Fox)
  43. Peters
  44. Möller (Miller)
  45. Scholz (Judge)
  46. Lang (Long)
  47. Weiss (White)
  48. Jung (Young)
  49. Hahn (Rooster)
  50. Vogel (Bird)

Most of the names of this list refer to the occupation of the first holder of the name.

Greece

  1. Papadopoulos/ou (priest΄s son, Peloponnese΄s region)
  2. Pappas/a (priest)
  3. Avramidis|(Abraham's) [any surnames ending with -idis is from region of Pontos, ex-Greek now Turkish-Russian border region].
  4. Georgiadis| (George's) [any surnames ending with -iadis i.e, Alexiadis, Dimitriadis etc]

Hungary

  1. Nagy (239,310; 'big')
  2. Kovács (221,687; 'blacksmith')
  3. Tóth (216,758; 'Slovak/Slav', also: 'Croat')
  4. Szabó (212,586; 'tailor', cf. Schneider, Couturier)
  5. Horváth, Horvát (201,059; 'Croat')
  6. Varga (139,764; 'shoemaker', cf. Schumacher, person working with leather)
  7. Kiss (134,305; 'small', cf. Klein, Petit, Lepetit)
  8. Molnár (109,178; 'miller', cf. Müller, Meunier
  9. Németh, Német (93,990; 'German', cf. Deutsch, Lallemand)
  10. Farkas (83,346; 'wolf', cf. Wolf)
  11. Balogh (80,113; 'left-handed', 'unskillful')
  12. Papp (53,847; 'priest')
  13. Takács (53,402; 'weaver', 'cloth-maker', cf. Weber, Tissandier, Teyssandier)
  14. Juhász (52,495; 'shepherd', cf. Schäfer, Berger)
  15. Lakatos (45,051; 'locksmith')
  16. Mészáros (41,061; 'butcher', cf. Fleischer, Boucher)
  17. Simon (38,481; )
  18. Oláh (38,311; Vlach, 'Romanian')
  19. Fekete (35,179; 'black', cf. Schwarz, Lenoir)
  20. Rácz (35,109; 'Serb', also: 'Croat')
  21. Szilágyi (31,986; from Szilágy county)
  22. Török (27,206; 'Turkish')
  23. Fehér (26,804; 'white', cf. Weiss, Leblanc)
  24. Gál, Gaál (25,924; , 'Gallic', cf. Le Gall)
  25. Balázs (25,804; )
  26. Kis (24,613; see Kiss, above)
  27. Szűcs (24,416; 'leather taylor')
  28. Pintér (23,951; 'cooper', cf. Binder)
  29. Kocsis (23,911; 'coachman')
  30. Fodor (23,371; 'curly hair')

The above is official data of the Central Personal Data Processing Office at Hungary's Ministry of Interior in 2006.

Other frequent surnames:

Lengyel ('Polish'), Földes ('land-owner), Erdős ('woody', 'from the forest'), Erdélyi ('Transylvanian'), Vörös, Veres, Weöres ('red-haired'), Katona ('soldier'), Fazekas ('potter'), Király ('king'), Kántor ('church singer')

Notes:

  • Beside the names, the number of their owners and their meaning is given. Note that Hungarian surnames often show archaic spelling and occasionally employ obsolete words, especially for nationalities like tót or rác.
  • Nationalities occur frequently as surnames, the pre-1920 Hungary being a multi-ethnic country. Because of this, there are also a lot of surnames of foreign origin. Some examples: Bauer, Mayer, Schmidt (German), Mravik, Novák, Zsilinszky (Slovak), Csernicskó (East Slavonic), Biszku, Marosán, Torgyán (Romanian), Nemcsik, Bencsics, Popovics, Petrovics (South Slavonic), Dobrev (Bulgarian), Kohn, Schwartz, Steiner (Ashkenazi Jewish)

Ireland

  1. Murphy
  2. Kelly
  3. O'Sullivan
  4. Walsh
  5. Smith
  6. O'Brien
  7. Byrne
  8. Ryan
  9. O'Connor
  10. O'Neill
  11. O'Reilly
  12. Doyle
  13. McCarthy
  14. Gallagher
  15. Doherty
  16. Kennedy
  17. Lynch
  18. Murray
  19. Quinn
  20. Moore

Source: The Top 500 Irish & British Surnames, The Observer, 15th April 2007.

Names starting with O' and Mac/Mc were originally patronymic.

Italy

  1. Rossi (red-haired; ruddy – common in Northern and Central Italy)
  2. Russo (red-haired; ruddy – common in Southern Italy)
  3. Ferrari (blacksmith; iron worker – cf. Smith)
  4. Esposito (exposed child, i.e. foundling)
  5. Bianchi (fair-skinned; fair-haired – cf. White)
  6. Romano (Roman)
  7. Colombo (dove)
  8. Ricci (curly-haired – common in Northern and Central Italy)
  9. Marino (of the sea)
  10. Greco (Greek)
  11. Bruno (brunet – cf. Brown)
  12. Gallo (rooster; Gallic)
  13. Conti (count)
  14. De Luca (son of Luca – cf. Lucas)
  15. Costa (from the coast)
  16. Giordano (equivalent of Jordan)
  17. Mancini (left-handed)
  18. Rizzo (curly-haired – common in Southern Italy)
  19. Lombardi (Lombard)
  20. Moretti (swarthy – cf. Moore)

Sources: Gens; Ancestry.com

The top 10 surnames cover about 1% of the population.

Latvia

  1. Bērziņš - Diminutive of Birch
  2. Kalniņš - Diminutive of Hill
  3. Ozoliņš - Diminutive of Oak
  4. Jansons - Son of Jānis,one of most popular male names in Latvia,John
  5. Ozols - Oak
  6. Liepiņš - Diminutive of Linden
  7. Krūmiņš - Diminutive of Bush
  8. Balodis - Pigeon
  9. Eglītis - Diminutive of Fir tree
  10. Zariņš - Diminutive of Branch
  11. Pētersons - Peter's Son
  12. Vītols - Willow
  13. Kļaviņš - Diminutive of Maple
  14. Kārkliņš - Diminutive of Sallow
  15. Vanags - Hawk

Source: Latvian Institute

Lithuania

Most common Lithuanian surnames, 2008:

# For men For married women
1 Kazlauskas Kazlauskienė
2 Petrauskas Jankauskienė
3 Jankauskas Petrauskienė
4 Stankevičius Stankevičienė
5 Vasiliauskas Paulauskienė
6 Žukauskas Vasiliauskienė
7 Butkus Žukauskienė
8 Paulauskas Urbonienė
9 Urbonas Kavaliauskienė
10 Kavaliauskas Navickienė

Note: The Lithuanian language has different endings for surnames for men and women. The ending of a woman's surname indicates whether she is married or not. Last names of married women end in -ienė while those of unmarried girls end in -ytė, -iūtė, -utė, -aitė.

Source: Interesting Statistics, Department of Statistics to the Government of the Republic of Lithuania (Statistics Lithuania), Retrieved Sept 12, 2008.

Malta

Name Number of people % Etymology
1 Borg 13,169 3.3 Sicilian city of Burgi; or from Sant'Ambrogio
2 Camilleri 12,643 3.1 Latin son of Camillo
3 Vella 11,785 2.9 'bella' Italian for beautiful; or 'vela' Italian sail
4 Farrugia 11,549 2.9 From the old Latin fellus (earth); or Arabic faruj (fowl)
5 Zammit 9,424 2.3 'zamr' Arabic for lute
Source: "Census 2005: A focus on surnames in Malta", National Statistics Office Malta, November 27, 2005. Source of etymologies: .

An older source gives a longer list of surnames. These are:

Name Number of people Etymology
6 Galea 7,442 ? The Latin word for helmet
7 Micallef 7,166 the name Mikali (Michael) or from 'mħallef', the Maltese word for judge (profession)
8 Grech 6,740 'Graecus' Latin for Greek
9 Attard 6,453 'attar' Arabic for pharmacist/physician
10 Spiteri 6,391 'Hospitalieri', used for abandoned children (near the Knights' Hospital), other interpretations being children of the Hospitalieri themselves
11 Cassar 5,985 Maybe castle keeper (Latin origin) or barber (Arabic origin)
12 Azzopardi 5,905 'A Safardi', meaning 'A sephardic Jew - a Jew coming from Spain' However, the exact meaning of the word Safardi is disputed: e.g. in semitic languages, the word 'safar' means travel so Safardim could also mean Jews who travelled, the biblical record predating the existence of Jews in Spain considerably
13 Mifsud 5,707 Jewish surname
14 Caruana 5,577 Kairouan in Tunisia, in turn is derived from the Persian word Kârawân
15 Muscat 5,288 Muscat grape
16 Agius 4,944 Maybe Greek Holy or Arabic old man or referring to a pilgrim to Mecca
17 Schembri 4,226 Greek surname
18 Abela 4,117 Jewish surname, from Abel
19 Fenech 4,111 Maybe 'fenek' Maltese for rabbit or 'Fenici' meaning Phoenicians
20 Pace 4,017 'pace' Italian for peace
Source: , which refers to "Surnames in Malta: what can they tell us?" by Prof. Joseph M. Brincat. Source of etymologies: .

Netherlands

The most recent complete count of surnames in the Netherlands is based on the 1947 census. Although this data is now dated, the relative positions of these surnames will probably not have changed much.

Name Number of people
1 De Jong 55,256
2 De Vries 49,298
3 Jansen 49,213
4 Van den Berg, Van der Berg, Van de Berg 37,678
5 Bakker 37,483
6 Van Dijk 36,578
7 Visser 34,721
8 Janssen 32,824
9 Smit 29,783
10 Meijer, Meyer 28,256

Source: Nederlands Repertorium van Familienamen, Meertens-Instituut, 1963-1988. Data can be viewed in the Database of Surnames in the Netherlands, May 31, 1947.

Norway

  1. Hansen
  2. Johansen
  3. Olsen
  4. Larsen
  5. Andersen
  6. Nilsen
  7. Pedersen
  8. Kristiansen
  9. Jensen
  10. Karlsen
  11. Johnsen
  12. Pettersen
  13. Eriksen
  14. Berg
  15. Haugen
  16. Hagen
  17. Johannessen
  18. Andreassen
  19. Jacobsen
  20. Halvorsen

Source: Statistics Norway: Name statistics

Poland

  1. Nowak (203,506; from nowy "newman")
  2. Kowalski (139,719; from kowal "smith")
  3. Wiśniewski (109,855; from wiśnia "cherry")
  4. Wójcik (99,509; from popular name Wojciech; from word "wojak" (warrior), from real estates Wójcza, Wójciki; from wójt, a noun describing chief officer of a municipality (gmina))
  5. Kowalczyk (97,796, from kowal "smith", literally "smith's son")
  6. Kamiński (94,499; from kamień "stone")
  7. Lewandowski (92,449; from lewantyna "Levantine")
  8. Zieliński (91,043; from zielony "green")
  9. Szymański (89,091; from Szymon, equivalent to Simon)
  10. Woźniak (88,039; from wóz, "cart")
  11. Dąbrowski (86,132; from dąb "oak tree")
  12. Kozłowski (75,962; from kozioł "he-goat")
  13. Jankowski (68,514; from Janek, equivalent to John)
  14. Mazur (66,773; from Mazury, the region in Poland)
  15. Wojciechowski (66,361; from the name Wojciech, equivalent to Adalbert)
  16. Kwiatkowski (66,017; from kwiat "flower")
  17. Krawczyk (64,048; from krawiec "tailor", "taylor's son")
  18. Kaczmarek (61,816; from karczma "inn")
  19. Piotrowski (61,380; from Piotr, equivalent to Peter)
  20. Bagiński (60,492; from baginiak "master")
  21. Grabowski (58,393; from grab "hornbeam")
  22. Jaworski (44,104;from 'jawor' "sycamore")

It is important to remember that Polish names which end with -ski or -cki have a male and a female form - Kamiński / Kamińska, Wielicki / Wielicka, etc. This needs to be considered when taking a count based on, for instance, scanning a telephone book.

Source:Zawadzki, Jarosław Maciej (2002). 1000 najpopularniejszych nazwisk w Polsce (1000 of the most popular names in Poland). Świat Książki. ISBN 83-7311-265-0.

Slovakia

Year 1995 Year 2003
1. Horváth (mean: Croatian) 30 429 30 813
2. Kováč (mean: Smith) 31 066 29 079
3. Varga (mean: Shoemaker) 13 714 21 650
4. Tóth (mean: Slovak, also: 'Croat') 23 353 21 604
5. Nagy (mean: big) 20 984 19 341
6. Baláž (given name) 14 785 14 114
7. Szabó (mean: Tailor) 10 665 13 998
8. Molnár (mean: Miller) 13 907 12 632
9. Balog (mean: Left-handed) 10 165 10 872
10. Lukáč (given name: Lucas) 10 287 9 718
Female form is from male form + ová (Horváth → Horváthová).

Sources: P. Ďurčo, Database of surnames in the Slovak republic, Paris 1998. Wikipedia - Slovak version.

Slovenia

  1. Novak 11450
  2. Horvat 10258
  3. Krajnc 5839
  4. Kovačič 5699
  5. Zupančič 5187
  6. Kovač 4836
  7. Potočnik 4767
  8. Mlakar 4132
  9. Vidmar 4004
  10. Golob 3957

Source:

Spain

  1. García - 1,378,000 people (3.48%) (Of Pre-Roman origin, either Iberian or Basque. Garcia was a very common first name in early medieval Spain. It is a surname of patronymic origin, like most of the -ez ending Spanish surnames.)
  2. Fernández - 851,000 (2.15%) (Son of Fernando, from Germanic Fredenand or Fridnand. Most of the common Spanish surnames originating from Germanic first names were introduced in Spain during centuries V-VII by the Visigoths, so almost all of them are from the Visigoth tradition)
  3. González - 839,000 (2.12%) (Son of Gonzalo, from the Latinised form Gundisalvus, of Germanic origin)
  4. Rodríguez - 804,000 (2.03%) (Son of Rodrigo, from Germanic Roderic)
  5. López - 796,000 (2.01%) (Son of Lope, from Latin Lupus, meaning wolf)
  6. Martínez - 788,000 (1.97%) (Son of Martin, also from Latin, derived from Martis, genitive form of Mars)
  7. Sánchez - 725,000 (1.83%) (Son of Sancho, from Latin Sanctius)
  8. Pérez - 709,000 (1.79%) (Son of Pedro, from Latin Petrus)
  9. Martín - 459,000 (1.16%) (Martin)
  10. Gómez - 440,000 (1.11%) (Son of Gome, Gomo or Gomaro, also of Germanic origin)
  11. Ruiz - 321,000 (0.81%) (Son of Rui, variation or short for Rodrigo)
  12. Hernández - 305,000 (0.77%) (Son of Hernando, variation of Fernando)
  13. Jiménez - 293,000 (0.74%) (Son of Jimeno, from Xemeno or Ximeno, of Basque origin)
  14. Díaz - 293,000 (0.74%) (Son of Diago or Diego, ultimately from Greek Didachos)
  15. Álvarez - 273,000 (0.69%) (Son of Alvaro, from Alvar, also of Germanic origin)
  16. Moreno - 261,000 (0.66%) (Brown-haired, tanned, brunet)
  17. Muñoz - 241,000 (0.61%) (Son of Munio, of Pre-Roman origin)
  18. Alonso - 206,000 (0.52%) (Son of Alonso, variation of Alfonso, from Germanic Adalfuns)
  19. Gutiérrez - 170,000 (0.43%) (Son of Gutier or Gutierre, from Germanic Wutier)
  20. Romero - 170,000 (0.43%) (walker, pilgrim)
  21. Navarro - 158,400 (0.40%) (Navarrese, from Navarra; of Toponymic origin)
  22. Torres - 134,600 (0.34%) (Towers; also toponymic)
  23. Domínguez - 134,600 (0.34%) (Son of Domingo, from Latin Domenicus, ultimately from Dominus, meaning lord, master)
  24. Gil - 134,600 (0.34%) (From older form Egidio; also patronymic)
  25. Vázquez - 130,000 (0.33%) (Son of Vasco or Velasco, of Pre-Roman origin, either Iberian or Basque)
  26. Serrano - 122,700 (0.31%) (Mountain Dweller)
  27. Ramos - 118,000 (0.30%) (Branches; of patronymic origin, meaning 'born in or near the Christian festivity of Branch Sunday, or Palm Sunday')
  28. Blanco - 118,000 (0.30%) (White)
  29. Sanz - 106,900 (0.27%) (Variation of Sanchez)
  30. Castro - 102,900 (0.26%) (Hamlet, castro)
  31. Suárez - 102,900 (0.26%) (Son of Suero or Suaro, of unknown origin)
  32. Ortega - 99,000 (0.25%) (From Ortiga or Hortiga, a type of common plant from the nettle family; of toponymic origin; also pre-dates Roman influence, yet the name has derived from Ortún, ultimately from Latin Fortunius, meaning lucky or fortunate one, either Iberian or Basque)
  33. Rubio - 99,000 (0.25%) (Blond, fair-haired; ultimately from Latin Rubeus, meaning ruddy, reddish)
  34. Molina - 99,000 (0.25%) (Mill, place with mills; toponymic)
  35. Delgado - 95,000 (0.24%) (Thin man)
  36. Ramírez - 95,000 (0.24%) (Son of Ramiro, from Germanic Radamir or Radmir)
  37. Morales - 95,000 (0.24%) (Place with abundant blackberry plants; of toponymic origin)
  38. Ortiz - 87,120 (0.22%) (Son of Ortún; ultimately from Latin Fortunius, meaning fortunate one, similar to Ortega)
  39. Marín - 83,160 (0.21%) (From Latin Marinus, meaning seaman, sailor)
  40. Iglesias - 83,160 (0.21%) (Churches; toponymic origin)
  41. Calope-84,260 (1.21%) (from latin meaning brave)

Source: - Data from December 1999. (2004 data confirmation of top 25)

Family names ending in -ez are typically patronymic

The top 10 surnames cover about 20% of population.

Sweden

Source: Official statistics

The most common names in Sweden are originally patronymic, which means that the son of e.g. Karl received the surname Karlsson (Karl's son). The daughter received the name Karlsdotter (Karl's daughter). Since the 19th century these names are inherited indifferent of the previous tradition and carried as family names. Even though these "son-names" are the most common names in Sweden, a majority of the Swedes have other family names consisting of two items from nature, for example Lindberg (linden/lime mountain), Bergkvist (mountain twig), Alström/Ahlström (alder stream). Other names like Sjöman (Seaman) and Nyman (Newman) contain professions and adjectives. Many families also have military-oriented names as Skarpsvärd (sharp sword) Sköld (shield) and Stolt (proud). Those names were originally appointed to soldiers from 16th century and onwards based on either character, merit or inheritance (a professional soldier had the right to change his name to that of his predecessor). Due to the greater diversity of these names each specific name is less common than most "son-names". Given the large quantity of citizens of foreign heritage it is a matter of time before their surnames will be present high up in the official statistics, especially when grouped together instead of listed as separate surnames because of slightly different spelling or omitted umlauts etc. Persons with ancestors of noble origin in Sweden often have surnames referring to their coat of arms and sometimes the names are also of non-Swedish origin.

The top 10 surnames cover about 20% of the population.

United Kingdom

England, Wales and Isle of Man

The following list is for England, Wales, and the Isle of Man, and is based on a survey of the National Health Service Central Register.

  1. Smith (1.15%)
  2. Jones (0.94%)
  3. Williams (0.66%)
  4. Taylor (0.53%)
  5. Brown (0.51%)
  6. Davies (0.48%)
  7. Evans (0.39%)
  8. Wilson (0.35%)
  9. Thomas (0.35%)
  10. Johnson (0.34%)
  11. Roberts (0.33%)
  12. Robinson (0.29%)
  13. Thompson (0.28%)
  14. Wright (0.28%)
  15. Walker (0.27%)
  16. White (0.27%)
  17. Edwards (0.27%)
  18. Hughes (0.26%)
  19. Green (0.25%)
  20. Hall (0.25%)
  21. Lewis (0.25%)
  22. Harris (0.25%)
  23. Dhesi (0.24%)
  24. Patel (0.24%)
  25. Jackson (0.24%)

Greater London
The following list is for Greater London.

  1. Brown
  2. Smith
  3. Patel
  4. Jones
  5. Williams
  6. Johnson
  7. Taylor
  8. Thomas
  9. Roberts
  10. Khan
  11. Lewis
  12. Jackson
  13. Clarke
  14. James
  15. Phillips
  16. Wilson
  17. Ali
  18. Mason
  19. Mitchell
  20. Rose
  21. Davis
  22. Davies
  23. Rodriguez
  24. Cox
  25. Alexander

Scotland

100 most common surnames from the General Register Office for Scotland (1999/2000/2001):

  1. Smith
  2. Brown
  3. Wilson
  4. Campbell
  5. Stewart
  6. Thomson
  7. Robertson
  8. Anderson
  9. Macdonald
  10. Scott
  11. Reid
  12. Murray
  13. Taylor
  14. Clark
  15. Ross
  16. Watson
  17. Morrison
  18. Paterson
  19. Young
  20. Mitchell
  21. Walker
  22. Fraser
  23. Miller
  24. McDonald
  25. Gray
  26. Henderson
  27. Hamilton
  28. Johnston
  29. Duncan
  30. Graham
  31. Ferguson
  32. Kerr
  33. Davidson
  34. Bell
  35. Cameron
  36. Kelly
  37. Martin
  38. Hunter
  39. Allan
  40. Mackenzie
  41. Grant
  42. Simpson
  43. Mackay
  44. McLean
  45. MacLeod
  46. Black
  47. Russell
  48. Marshall
  49. Wallace
  50. Gibson
  51. Slater

North America

Canada

In 2007, Canada was a country of about 33 million people, about one-fifth of whom lived in the province of Quebec. The twenty most common surnames across Canada listed below were compiled by InfoUSA and reported by the CBC. It should be noted that this study is unscientific as it does not account for cell-phone users, people with unlisted numbers or multiple people sharing a single telephone line. Unlike many countries, the Canadian national government does not publish a common surnames listing based on the national census; however, Quebec's provincial government does make such information available.

National Rank (2007) Surname Quebec Rank (2005) Quebec Rank (2001)
1 Li
2 Smith
3 Lam
4 Martin
5 Brown
6 Roy 3 3
7 Tremblay 1 1
8 Lee
9 Gagnon 2 2
10 Wilson
11 Clark
12 Johnson
13 White
14 Williams
15 Côté 4 4
16 Taylor
17 Campbell
18 Anderson
19 Chan
20 Jones
Bouchard 5 5
Gauthier 6 6
Morin 7 7
Lavoie 8 8
Fortin 9 9
Gagné 10 10
Ouellet 11 19
Pelletier 12 11
Bélanger 13 12
Lévesque 14 14
Bergeron 15 13
Leblanc 16 17
Paquette 17 <50
Girard 18 16
Khan 19 15
Boucher 20 18

Mexico

According to the Mexico IFE as of 2006 these were the most common surnames in Mexico:

  1. Hernández
  2. García
  3. Martínez
  4. López
  5. González
  6. Rodríguez
  7. Pérez
  8. Sánchez
  9. Ramírez

United States

According to 2000 U.S. Census data, the top hundred surnames in the U.S. are:

Name Rank in 2000 Rank in 1990 Change in rank Number of occurrences Occurrences per 100,000 Cumulative occurrence per 100,000 % White % Black % Asian and Pacific Islander % American Indian and Alaska Native % 2 races % Hispanic
Smith 1 1 0 2376206 1727.02 1727.02 73.35 22.22 0.40 0.85 1.63 1.56
Johnson 2 2 0 1857160 1349.78 3076.79 61.55 33.80 0.42 0.91 1.82 1.50
Williams 3 3 0 1534042 1114.94 4191.73 48.52 46.72 0.37 0.78 2.01 1.60
Brown 4 5 1 1380145 1003.08 5194.81 60.71 34.54 0.41 0.83 1.86 1.64
Jones 5 4 -1 1362755 990.44 6185.26 57.69 37.73 0.35 0.94 1.85 1.44
Miller 6 7 1 1127803 819.68 7004.94 85.81 10.41 0.42 0.63 1.31 1.43
Davis 7 6 -1 1072335 779.37 7784.31 64.73 30.77 0.40 0.79 1.73 1.58
Garcia 8 18 10 858289 623.80 8408.11 6.17 0.49 1.43 0.58 0.51 90.81
Rodriguez 9 22 13 804240 584.52 8992.63 5.52 0.54 0.58 0.24 0.41 92.70
Wilson 10 8 -2 783051 569.12 9561.75 69.72 25.32 0.46 1.03 1.74 1.73
Martinez 11 19 8 775072 563.32 10125.07 6.04 0.52 0.60 0.64 0.46 91.72
Anderson 12 11 -1 762394 554.10 10679.17 77.60 18.06 0.48 0.70 1.59 1.58
Taylor 13 10 -3 720370 523.56 11202.73 67.80 27.67 0.39 0.75 1.78 1.61
Thomas 14 12 -2 710696 516.53 11719.26 55.53 38.17 1.63 1.01 2.00 1.66
Hernandez 15 29 14 706372 513.39 12232.65 4.55 0.38 0.65 0.27 0.35 93.81
Moore 16 9 -7 698671 507.79 12740.44 68.85 26.92 0.37 0.65 1.70 1.50
Martin 17 16 -1 672711 488.92 13229.37 77.47 15.30 0.71 0.94 1.59 3.99
Jackson 18 13 -5 666125 484.14 13713.50 41.93 53.02 0.31 1.04 2.18 1.53
Thompson 19 17 -2 644368 468.32 14181.83 72.48 22.53 0.44 1.15 1.78 1.62
White 20 14 -6 639515 464.80 14646.63 67.91 27.38 0.39 1.01 1.76 1.55
Lopez 21 32 11 621536 451.73 15098.36 5.85 0.61 1.04 0.47 0.52 91.51
Lee 22 24 2 605860 440.34 15538.69 40.09 17.41 37.83 1.03 2.30 1.34
Gonzalez 23 38 15 597718 434.42 15973.11 4.76 0.37 0.38 0.18 0.33 93.99
Harris 24 15 -9 593542 431.38 16404.49 53.88 41.63 0.36 0.65 2.02 1.45
Clark 25 21 -4 548369 398.55 16803.05 76.84 18.53 0.41 0.94 1.60 1.68
Lewis 26 23 -3 509930 370.62 17173.66 60.97 33.83 0.45 1.14 1.97 1.64
Robinson 27 20 -7 503028 365.60 17539.26 51.34 44.10 0.37 0.51 1.99 1.68
Walker 28 25 -3 501307 364.35 17903.61 61.25 34.17 0.35 0.83 1.80 1.60
Perez 29 42 13 488521 355.06 18258.66 5.95 0.48 1.18 0.26 0.48 91.65
Hall 30 26 -4 473568 344.19 18602.85 75.11 20.75 0.48 0.63 1.63 1.40
Young 31 28 -3 465948 338.65 18941.50 68.91 23.79 2.95 0.73 1.93 1.69
Allen 32 27 -5 463368 336.77 19278.27 70.24 25.14 0.41 0.83 1.77 1.62
Sanchez 33 52 19 441242 320.69 19598.97 5.77 0.50 1.01 0.49 0.45 91.78
Wright 34 31 -3 440367 320.06 19919.02 68.30 27.36 0.40 0.66 1.75 1.52
King 35 30 -5 438986 319.05 20238.08 72.80 22.02 0.88 0.97 1.71 1.62
Scott 36 34 -2 420091 305.32 20543.40 62.60 32.26 0.41 1.15 1.90 1.68
Green 37 35 -2 413477 300.51 20843.91 59.33 36.23 0.34 0.61 1.78 1.71
Baker 38 37 -1 413351 300.42 21144.33 82.08 13.63 0.45 0.83 1.54 1.47
Adams 39 36 -3 413086 300.23 21444.56 76.17 19.20 0.45 0.79 1.63 1.76
Nelson 40 39 -1 412236 299.61 21744.17 80.29 14.93 0.51 1.09 1.49 1.68
Hill 41 33 -8 411770 299.27 22043.45 66.83 28.42 0.42 0.91 1.78 1.64
Ramirez 42 70 28 388987 282.71 22326.16 4.40 0.29 0.97 0.27 0.40 93.67
Campbell 43 46 3 371953 270.33 22596.49 76.47 19.13 0.43 0.65 1.67 1.65
Mitchell 44 41 -3 367433 267.05 22863.54 63.55 31.52 0.39 0.98 1.93 1.63
Roberts 45 43 -2 366215 266.16 23129.71 79.56 15.86 0.47 0.85 1.67 1.58
Carter 46 40 -6 362548 263.50 23393.21 60.51 34.99 0.39 0.71 1.88 1.52
Phillips 47 45 -2 351848 255.72 23648.93 78.95 16.36 0.45 0.99 1.68 1.58
Evans 48 48 0 342237 248.74 23897.66 70.65 25.05 0.40 0.68 1.67 1.55
Turner 49 44 -5 335663 243.96 24141.62 66.67 29.31 0.33 0.56 1.72 1.40
Torres 50 67 17 325169 236.33 24377.95 6.05 0.58 1.42 0.26 0.53 91.16
Parker 51 47 -4 324246 235.66 24613.61 71.49 24.09 0.44 0.85 1.67 1.46
Collins 52 50 -2 317848 231.01 24844.63 73.92 21.70 0.37 0.75 1.65 1.61
Edwards 53 49 -4 317070 230.45 25075.07 65.16 30.21 0.40 0.75 1.84 1.63
Stewart 54 51 -3 312899 227.41 25302.48 71.78 23.83 0.38 0.74 1.69 1.59
Flores 55 89 34 312615 227.21 25529.69 5.57 0.47 2.15 0.43 0.54 90.84
Morris 56 53 -3 311754 226.58 25756.27 75.92 19.29 0.43 0.93 1.70 1.73
Nguyen 57 228 172 310125 225.40 25981.67 1.26 0.18 95.93 0.04 2.01 0.58
Murphy 58 59 1 300501 218.40 26200.07 85.05 11.03 0.43 0.65 1.29 1.54
Rivera 59 61 2 299463 217.65 26417.72 5.92 1.06 2.06 0.24 0.55 90.17
Cook 60 56 -4 294795 214.26 26631.98 83.52 12.27 0.44 0.86 1.48 1.42
Rogers 61 54 -7 294403 213.97 26845.95 77.80 17.66 0.42 0.77 1.58 1.77
Morgan 62 57 -5 276400 200.89 27046.84 78.47 16.47 0.42 1.15 1.64 1.86
Peterson 63 68 5 275041 199.90 27246.73 86.29 9.58 0.52 0.70 1.33 1.56
Cooper 64 66 -2 270097 196.31 27443.04 70.36 25.26 0.40 0.76 1.69 1.54
Reed

65 55 -10 267443 194.38 27637.42 73.51 21.97 0.40 1.00 1.67 1.45
Bailey 66 60 -6 265916 193.27 27830.68 74.77 21.14 0.40 0.61 1.63 1.45
Bell 67 58 -9 264752 192.42 28023.10 63.57 31.78 0.41 0.90 1.80 1.55
Gomez 68 121 53 263590 191.58 28214.68 6.10 0.81 1.04 0.34 0.54 91.16
Kelly 69 74 5 260385 189.25 28403.93 80.39 15.48 0.49 0.55 1.35 1.73
Howard 70 65 -5 254779 185.17 28589.10 66.83 28.69 0.38 0.82 1.74 1.55
Ward 71 66 -5 254121 184.69 28773.79 77.79 17.77 0.40 0.83 1.57 1.64
Cox 72 64 -8 253771 184.44 28958.23 84.48 11.55 0.39 0.64 1.42 1.52
Diaz 73 99 26 251772 182.99 29141.22 6.17 0.73 1.19 0.22 0.47 91.22
Richardson 74 63 -11 249533 181.36 29322.58 62.25 32.77 0.36 1.05 1.82 1.75
Wood 75 78 3 247299 179.74 29502.31 90.06 5.61 0.51 0.82 1.40 1.60
Watson 76 72 -4 242432 176.20 29678.51 68.58 26.85 0.47 0.80 1.72 1.58
Brooks 77 73 -4 240751 174.98 29853.49 62.72 32.67 0.41 0.75 1.83 1.62
Bennett 78 77 -1 239055 173.74 30027.23 79.00 16.51 0.41 0.89 1.54 1.65
Gray 79 69 -10 236713 172.04 30199.28 71.13 24.36 0.44 0.84 1.66 1.57
James 80 71 -9 233224 169.51 30368.78 54.45 38.09 0.81 2.51 2.10 2.04
Reyes 81 141 60 232511 168.99 30537.77 5.26 0.75 6.02 0.30 0.76 86.90
Cruz 82 118 36 231065 167.94 30705.71 5.95 0.83 5.61 0.38 0.99 86.24
Hughes 83 88 5 229390 166.72 30872.43 80.60 15.45 0.39 0.52 1.46 1.58
Price 84 76 -8 228756 166.26 31038.69 76.11 19.79 0.42 0.64 1.58 1.46
Myers 85 101 16 224824 163.40 31202.09 86.59 9.75 0.38 0.53 1.35 1.40
Long 86 86 0 223494 162.43 31364.52 82.35 11.75 1.78 1.21 1.44 1.47
Foster 87 93 6 221040 160.65 31525.17 72.00 23.19 0.46 0.86 1.78 1.70
Sanders 88 75 -13 220902 160.55 31685.72 63.44 31.90 0.33 0.85 1.73 1.76
Ross 89 80 -9 219961 159.87 31845.59 71.46 23.67 0.46 0.89 1.69 1.82
Morales 90 136 46 217642 158.18 32003.77 5.60 0.60 1.24 0.25 0.44 91.88
Powell 91 85 -6 216553 157.39 32161.16 69.96 25.97 0.38 0.56 1.71 1.41
Sullivan 92 105 13 215640 156.73 32317.89 89.45 6.78 0.46 0.52 1.16 1.63
Russell 93 97 4 215432 156.58 32474.46 79.45 15.79 0.43 1.00 1.70 1.63
Ortiz 94 120 26 214683 156.03 32630.49 5.40 0.64 0.68 0.48 0.45 92.35
Jenkins 95 83 -12 213737 155.34 32785.84 60.12 35.97 0.33 0.55 1.69 1.34
Gutierrez 96 202 106 212905 154.74 32940.58 5.21 0.25 1.40 0.33 0.42 92.39
Perry 97 84 -13 212644 154.55 33095.12 70.71 24.37 0.46 0.82 1.86 1.78
Butler 98 91 -7 210879 153.27 33248.39 64.75 30.85 0.35 0.81 1.75 1.50
Barnes 99 79 -20 210426 152.94 33401.33 67.45 28.23 0.40 0.72 1.71 1.49
Fisher 100 113 13 210279 152.83 33554.16 84.59 11.28 0.42 0.71 1.42 1.58

The distribution reflects the history of immigration into the country. Many immigrants from non-English-speaking countries Anglicized their names. Good examples of this are the popular Swedish name Johansson which was frequently changed to Johnson, and the German Müller which became Miller. The name Smith also became even more frequent because of some Polish immigrants who anglicized the name "Kowalski" to become "Smith". Some very common Swedish names were so similar that only a minor change of spelling was necessary, such as Andersson and Jonsson, which is why these names are much more common in the U.S. than in the United Kingdom. Slavery also had an effect; names such as Williams, Jackson, Harris, Davis, Brown, and Jones are common among African Americans, since slaves tended to be given, or adopt, their owners' surnames.

García and Martínez represent the rapid growth of several Hispanic communities in the United States. The Vietnamese surname Nguyen made a dramatic leap from 229th in 1990 to 57th in 2000.

Note that some communities in the U.S. can have distributions of surnames far different from these.

Oceania

Australia

All names were retrieved with number of people bearing the name from an Australian government resource, then sorted according to number of people in order to generate the table here.

# Name Number of people
1 Smith 114,997
2 Jones 56,698
3 Williams 55,555
4 Brown 54,896
5 Wilson 46,961
6 Taylor 45,328
7 Johnson 33,435
8 White 31,099
9 Martin 31,058
10 Anderson 30,910
11 Thompson 29,931
12 (7) Nguyen 29,798
13 Thomas 27,276
14 Walker 26,688
15 Harris 26,025
16 Lee 25,612
17 Ryan 25,526
18 Robinson 25,168
19 Kelly 25,014
20 King 24,870

South America

Argentina

# Name
1 Fernández
2 Rodríguez
3 González
4 García
5 López
6 Martínez
7 Pérez
8 Álvarez
9 Gómez
10 Sánchez
11 Ramirez
11 Gutierrez

Brazil

Rio de Janeiro

  1. Silva
  2. Santos
  3. Oliveira
  4. Souza
  5. Pereira
  6. Costa
  7. Carvalho
  8. Gonçalves
  9. Almeida
  10. Ferreira
  11. Ribeiro
  12. Rodrigues
  13. Gomes
  14. Lima
  15. Martins
  16. Rocha
  17. Alves
  18. Araújo
  19. Pinto
  20. Barbosa
  21. Castro
  22. Fernandes
  23. Melo
  24. Azevedo
  25. Barros
  26. Cardoso
  27. Correia
  28. Cunha
  29. Dias

Source:

Chile

Refers to first surname only.

# Surname Persons % of pop.
1 González 741,388 4.42
2 Muñoz 578,673 3.45
3 Rojas 413,897 2.47
4 Díaz 410,802 2.45
5 Pérez 326,867 1.95
6 Soto 298,062 1.78
7 Contreras 276,887 1.65
8 Silva 259,950 1.55
9 Martínez 252,966 1.51
10 Sepúlveda 251,078 1.50
11 Morales 248,448 1.48
12 Rodríguez 243,695 1.45
13 López 240,181 1.43
14 Fuentes 228,609 1.36
15 Hernández 226,848 1.35
16 Torres 226,480 1.35
17 Araya 224,232 1.34
18 Flores 221,231 1.32
19 Espinoza 219,375 1.31
20 Valenzuela 215,025 1.28
21 Castillo 213,321 1.27
22 Ramírez 211,191 1.26
23 Reyes 208,752 1.25
24 Gutiérrez 201,734 1.20
25 Castro 199,508 1.19
26 Vargas 198,471 1.18
27 Álvarez 193,002 1.15
28 Vásquez 189,946 1.13
29 Tapia 179,905 1.07
30 Fernández 179,246 1.07
31 Sánchez 178,615 1.07
32 Carrasco 172,877 1.03
33 Gómez 172,758 1.03
34 Cortés 171,370 1.02
35 Herrera 170,309 1.02
36 Núñez 165,806 0.99
37 Jara 161,085 0.96
38 Vergara 155,118 0.93
39 Rivera 147,835 0.88
40 Figueroa 145,460 0.87
41 Riquelme 143,590 0.86
42 García 142,002 0.85
43 Miranda 138,939 0.83
44 Bravo 138,392 0.83
45 Vera 137,646 0.82
46 Molina 131,094 0.78
47 Vega 128,132 0.76
48 Campos 126,260 0.75
49 Sandoval 125,640 0.75
50 Orellana 123,619 0.74
51 Zúñiga 120,757 0.72
52 Olivares 120,074 0.72
53 Alarcón 118,019 0.70
54 Gallardo 117,752 0.70
55 Ortiz 117,228 0.70
56 Garrido 115,109 0.69
57 Salazar 113,881 0.68
58 Guzmán 109,922 0.66
59 Henríquez 109,364 0.65
60 Saavedra 108,702 0.65
61 Navarro 107,897 0.64
62 Aguilera 107,864 0.64
63 Parra 106,100 0.63
64 Romero 105,597 0.63
65 Aravena 105,441 0.63
66 Pizarro 105,352 0.63
67 Godoy 103,887 0.62
68 Peña 103,377 0.62
69 Cáceres 102,830 0.61
70 Leiva 99,890 0.60
71 Escobar 97,979 0.58
72 Yáñez 96,589 0.58
73 Valdés 96,528 0.58
74 Vidal 96,037 0.57
75 Salinas 94,110 0.56
76 Cárdenas 93,925 0.56
77 Jiménez 92,032 0.55
78 Ruiz 91,539 0.55
79 Lagos 91,024 0.54
80 Maldonado 89,091 0.53
81 Bustos 88,445 0.53
82 Medina 87,578 0.52
83 Pino 86,295 0.51
84 Palma 82,735 0.49
85 Moreno 82,548 0.49
86 Sanhueza 82,383 0.49
87 Carvajal 81,785 0.49
88 Navarrete 81,729 0.49
89 Sáez 80,938 0.48
90 Alvarado 79,985 0.48
91 Donoso 79,855 0.48
92 Poblete 79,248 0.47
93 Bustamante 78,732 0.47
94 Toro 78,659 0.47
95 Ortega 78,086 0.47
96 Venegas 76,900 0.46
97 Guerrero 76,823 0.46
98 Paredes 75,825 0.45
99 Farías 75,242 0.45
100 San Martín 74,575 0.44
Top 100 15,802,580 94.27
Total pop. (2008) 16,763,470 100.00
Source: " TRES MILLONES DE CHILENOS FIGURAN CON LOS APELLIDOS MÁS COMUNES," Terra, July 22 2008.

References

See also

Search another word or see Yediot Achronoton Dictionary | Thesaurus |Spanish
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature
FAVORITES
RECENT

;