Xuzhou or Suchow, city (1994 est. pop. 879,800), N Jiangsu prov., E central China. It is a rail center at the junction of railroads serving Jiangsu, Shandong, Anhui, and Hunan provs. It also has an airport. Iron and coal mines are nearby, and the city has a small integrated steel complex. Other industries include machine building, textiles, and engineering. Xuzhou was known as Dongshan from 1912 to 1945. It was in Shandong prov. from 1949 to 1952, when it was returned to Jiangsu. The name sometimes appears as Hsu-chou.
Xúzhōu Shì
Administration Type Prefecture-level city
City Seat Yunlong District
Area 11,258 km²
- Total
- Urban center
9,409,500 (2007)
1,829,300 (2007)
- Total
- Per Capita
¥168 billion (2007)
¥19,221 (2007)
Major Nationalities Han (汉)
County-level divisions 11
Township-level divisions 157
CPC Committee Secretary Xu Ming (徐鸣)
Mayor Cao Xinping (曹新平)
Area code 516
Postal Code 221000
(Urban center)
221000, 221000, 221000
(Other areas)
License Plate Prefix 苏C

Xuzhou (Postal Map Spelling: Hsuchow), known as Pengcheng in ancient times, is a prefecture-level city in northwestern Jiangsu province, People's Republic of China. It is known for its convenient location as a transportation hub in northern Jiangsu, as it has expressways and railway links connecting directly to the provinces of Henan and Shandong, the neighbouring city of Lianyungang, as well as the economic hub Shanghai.


The prefecture-level city of Xuzhou administers eleven county-level divisions, including five districts, two county-level cities and four counties.

These are further divided into 157 township-level divisions.

Geography and climate

Xuzhou is located in the southeast of North China Plain. The area of Xuzhou usually experiences short springs and autumns, and the summers are very long and sun scorching hot, with relatively cold winters, and there is a lower than average level of precipitation.


Universities and colleges



During the Spring and Autumn Period, Xuzhou was a collection of small farming/fishing villages and towns, part of the border region between the Chu (state), Wu (state) and Qi (state). By the Warring States Period, it was firmly in cultural and administrative sphere of Chu. Liu Bang was born in one of Xuzhou's counties, Pei County. The Xuzhou region was called Huaiyang during the Zhou Dynasty since the Huai River crosses the area. The state of Chu moved to this area after the Qin army captured the old capital, Ying, in modern Jingzhou, Hubei.

After the Yellow River started to change course in the Song Dynasty, when heavy silting at the Yellow River mouth forced the river to channel its flow to the lower Huai River tributary, the region has since become barren due to persistent flooding, nutrient depletion and salination of the once fertile soil.The area was the site of the final critical battle in the Chinese Civil War, the Huaihai Campaign in 1948-49.

Sister Cities

See also


External links

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