|Administration Type||Prefecture-level city|
|City Seat|| Yunlong District|
- Urban center
- Per Capita
¥168 billion (2007)
|Major Nationalities||Han (汉)|
|CPC Committee Secretary||Xu Ming (徐鸣)|
|Mayor||Cao Xinping (曹新平)|
|Postal Code|| 221000|
221000, 221000, 221000
|License Plate Prefix||苏C|
Xuzhou (Postal Map Spelling: Hsuchow), known as Pengcheng in ancient times, is a prefecture-level city in northwestern Jiangsu province, People's Republic of China. It is known for its convenient location as a transportation hub in northern Jiangsu, as it has expressways and railway links connecting directly to the provinces of Henan and Shandong, the neighbouring city of Lianyungang, as well as the economic hub Shanghai.
These are further divided into 157 township-level divisions.
Xuzhou is located in the southeast of North China Plain. The area of Xuzhou usually experiences short springs and autumns, and the summers are very long and sun scorching hot, with relatively cold winters, and there is a lower than average level of precipitation.
During the Spring and Autumn Period, Xuzhou was a collection of small farming/fishing villages and towns, part of the border region between the Chu (state), Wu (state) and Qi (state). By the Warring States Period, it was firmly in cultural and administrative sphere of Chu. Liu Bang was born in one of Xuzhou's counties, Pei County. The Xuzhou region was called Huaiyang during the Zhou Dynasty since the Huai River crosses the area. The state of Chu moved to this area after the Qin army captured the old capital, Ying, in modern Jingzhou, Hubei.
After the Yellow River started to change course in the Song Dynasty, when heavy silting at the Yellow River mouth forced the river to channel its flow to the lower Huai River tributary, the region has since become barren due to persistent flooding, nutrient depletion and salination of the once fertile soil.The area was the site of the final critical battle in the Chinese Civil War, the Huaihai Campaign in 1948-49.