, a xanthan lyase
is an enzyme
the chemical reaction
of cleaving the beta-D-mannosyl-beta-D-1,4-glucuronosyl bond on the polysaccharide xanthan
. This enzyme belongs to the family of lyases
, specifically those carbon-oxygen lyases acting on polysaccharides. Xanthan lyase was first identified and partially-purified in 1987.
Xanthan is a polysaccharide secreted by several bacteria, such as the plant pathogen Xanthomonas campestris, and it consists of a main linear chain based on cellulose with side chains attached to alternate glucosyl (glucose) residues. These side chains contain three monosaccharide residues. Xanthan lyase is produced by bacteria that degrade this polysaccharide, such as Bacillus, Corynebacterium and Paenibacillus species.
Xanthan is used in industry as a thickening agent
in foods and drinks, as a stabilizing agent for foams, as a means of enhancing oil recovery and in the manufacture of good such as paints, cosmetics and explosives. The use of xanthan lyase as a means of altering the physical properties of xanthans is an area of current research in biotechnology
As of late 2007, 7 structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes , , , , , , and . The enzyme from Bacillus is a monomer consisting of two domains: an alpha helical N-terminal domain, and a C-terminal domain composed of beta sheets. The active site is a deep cleft located between these two domains.
- Sutherland IW "Xanthan lyases--novel enzymes found in various bacterial species". J. Gen. Microbiol. 133 3129–34.
- The CAS registry number for this enzyme class is .
Gene Ontology (GO) codes