XOOPS is a free content management system, written in PHP, for websites. It uses a modular architecture allowing users to customize, update and theme their websites. XOOPS is released under the terms of the GNU General Public License (GPL) and is free to use, modify and redistribute. XOOPS is supposed to be pronounced phonetically as it would be in English, as "zoo'ps".
XOOPS is an acronym
of eXtensible Object Oriented Portal System. Though started as a portal system, XOOPS is developing as a content management system
. It aims to serve as a web framework for use by small, medium and large sites, through the installation of modules. For example, a small XOOPS installation can be used as a personal weblog
or journal, but this can be expanded upon and customised, for example users might add the appropriate modules (freeware and commercial) to store content in news, forums, downloads, and more.
Steve Atwal wrote a book called Building Websites with Xoops (ISBN 1904811280) about XOOPS.
XOOPS received numerous International Awards and Recognitions, among them the First Runner-Up status in the SourceForge.net
's 2006 Community Choice Awards in the Development category, it was selected due to its reputation as Open Source CMS for testing by eWeek
, and the latest in Awards/Recognitions in 2008 being from Germany's Chip Magazine
(5 Stars), Adobe Edge Magazine
(Top 3 content management system
), and ONDD
(one of top Open Source CMS for Medical Professionals).
It is the most active and downloaded CMS project on SourceForge.net
Key features Community
: Because XOOPS is released under the terms of the GNU General Public License (GPL) the growth and development of XOOPS is dependent on the contributions of a worldwide community effort. Database : XOOPS uses a relational database
) to store data required for running a web-based content management system. Advanced access control layer : Administrators have the ability to grant specific groups of users specific access rights to content and features such as edit, delete, upload, add attachments, publish content, and so on. Modularized : Modules
can be installed, uninstalled, activated, and deactivated using the module administration system. Core features usable by modules : XOOPS possess a number of core features that can be used by modules like permissions, comments, notifications and blocks features. Personalization: Administrators have the ability to set specific permissions for user access and control of individual elements of their websites. User Management : The ability to search for users by various criteria, send email and private messages to users through a template-based messaging system. International language support : The XOOPS community has official support sites around the world for non-English-speaking users. Additionally XOOPS itself supports multi-byte character sets for languages that use characters not in the Latin alphabet
, for example Japanese, Simplified and Traditional Chinese, Korean, etc. Theme-based skinnable interface : XOOPS uses themes for page presentation. Both administrators and users can change the look of the entire web site by selecting from available themes. Templates : XOOPS uses the Smarty
templating engine which allows many benefits such as easier separation between business logic and presentation logic as well as content caching. Built-in LDAP authentication Some SEO add-ons : A number of XOOPS modules contains features to facilitate the indexing of a website in search engines
, like metatags, title tags and occasionally some URL rewriting
. However, XOOPS does not give its users full control over their URLs. Where URL rewriting
is possible, XOOPS often uses redirects that may confuse search engines. In addition, some XOOPS modules create duplicate content by making the same information available on more than one URL while in other cases (especially in case of multilingual sites), several sets of content may be made available through the same URL.