The Wyville-Thomson Ridge
is a bathymetric
feature of the North Atlantic ocean floor ca. 200 km in length, located between the Faroe Islands
. The ridge separates the Faroe-Shetland Channel
to the north from the Rockall Trough
to the south. Its significance lies in the fact that it is barrier between the colder bottom waters of the Arctic and the warmer waters of the North Atlantic.
The Wyville-Thomson Ridge is named after Charles Wyville Thomson who pioneered the first exploration of the area.
The Wyville-Thomson Ridge, and the smaller but similar Ymir Ridge
, form the northern boundary to the Rockall Basin
, a mainly Mesozoic rift
structure. The current form of the ridge is an anticline
with up to 2 km of amplitude formed by a period of shortening during the Eocene
period. This fold is interpreted to have formed by the reactivation of a pre-existing fault, and is , therefore, classified as an inversion
- Boldreel, L. O., and M. S. Andersen, Late Paleocene to Miocene compression in the Faeroe-Rockall area, Petroleum Geology of Northwest Europe: Proceedings of the 4th Conference, pp. 1025-1034, 1993.