One of the most commonly-examined (and arguably most successful) implementations of these institutions is found in Germany. The model is basically as follows: general labour agreements are made at the national level by national unions (e.g. IG Metall) and national employer associations (e.g. Gesamtmetall), and local plants and firms then meet with works councils to adjust these national agreements to local circumstances.
Works council representatives may also be appointed to the Board of Directors.
The EWC Directive applies to companies with at least 1000 employees within the EU and at least 150 employees in each of at least two Member States.
European Works Councils were created partly as a response to increased transnational restructuring brought about by the Single European Act. They give representatives of workers from all European countries in big multinational companies a direct line of communication to top management. They also make sure that workers in different countries are all told the same thing at the same time about transnational policies and plans. Lastly, they give workers’ representatives in unions and national works councils the opportunity to consult with each other and to develop a common European response to employers’ transnational plans, which management must then consider before those plans are implemented.
The EWC Directive is currently being revised by the European Commission.
SOCIAL DIALOGUE: COURT RULES THAT FIRMS CANNOT AVOID EUROPEAN WORKS COUNCIL OBLIGATIONS.(European Court of Justice)
Jan 14, 2004; Kuehne and Nagel AG & Co KG, based in Germany, is part of the diversified Kuehne and Nagel group of companies, which is of a...