Wolstonian glaciation

Synoptic table of the principal old world prehistoric cultures

The synoptic table of the principal old world prehistoric cultures gives a rough picture of the relationships between the various principal cultures of Prehistory outside the Americas, Antarctica, Australia and Oceania. It also serves as an index of the broad features of that prehistory to be followed through links to articles. Drawing parallels between the sets of information here and in the Timeline of glaciation might also be informative in some cases.

Table

{| border=0 cellpadding="8" cellspacing="0" align="center" |- bgcolor=#bbbdff | colspan=8 |

'''The Principal prehistoric cultures of the Old World
|- bgcolor=#bbfbff ! !Prehistoric Europe ! !History of Africa and !African archaeology !Near Eastern archaeology !History of Asia ! |- bgcolor=#bbbdffff ! Period & Climate ! Western Europe ! Central Europe
and Eastern Europe ! North Africa,
West Africa and Sahara ! Central Africa,
South and East Africa ! Middle East ! South Asia, India and
Central Asia ! East Asia and South-East Asia |- |After the year 1,000 CE



|Medieval | |Iron Age of the
Chad Basin | |-bgcolor=#ddffbb |1,000 CE



|Opening of the Middle Ages

End of Antiquity |Iron Age |


Iron Age in Niger, Roman Empire |Iron Age in Kenya, Uganda
Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe |


Roman Empire | | |- |1 BCE



|Iron Age |Iron Age |Nigeria, Great Lakes |First cultivators
of the equatorial forest |Empire of Alexander
Persian Empire
Phoenicians |Mauryan Empire (India)
Steppe Scythians
Indian Iron Age |Chinese Iron Age
Chinese
Zhou period |-bgcolor=#ddffbb |1,000 BCE




|Bronze Age

|Bronze Age
Myceneans |Copper Age in Niger


|development of agriculture
in East Africa |

Hittites
Assyrians |development of
pastoralism in India
Bactrian towns |Chinese Bronze Age
Chinese
Shang period |- |2,000 BCE




|Bell beaker
Chalcolithic
|corded ceramic


domestication of the horse |Neolithic of Tichit

Tenerean | |
Akkad Empire
Sumerian Kingdom |Indus Valley civilisation

writing |Chinese Neolithic
of Longshan |-bgcolor=#ddffbb |3,000 BCE




|
enclosed villages

first megaliths |

Chalcolithic
of Central Europe | |Beginning of the Hunter-gatherer art
of South Africa |Bronze Age | | |- |4,000 BCE




|


Lower Neolithic |
Danubian Neolithic

|Mediterranean
and Egyptian
Neolithic | |
Chalcolithic
(copper metallurgy) |

Neolithic
of Iran
|Neolithic
of Yang-Shao
rice-growing (?) |-bgcolor=#ddffbb |5,000 BCE




|Cardial
(agriculture, stock-rearing, pottery)

Tardenoisian
cultures |

agriculture, stock-rearing (pigs, bovine, sheep) |Neolithic of the Sahara/Sahel

| |irrigated agriculture ceramic Cyprus


|(and Caucasian)

irrigation |cultivation of millet
pig rearing |- |6,000 BCE




|


Sauveterrian cultures
(gathering of legumes) |in Greece
and the Eastern Mediterranean |


ceramic | |Neolithic with ceramic
raising
sheep & goats
end of pre-ceramic B aceramic Cyprus

|pre-ceramic of Iran
Afghanistan and
Baluchistan |Neolithic of northern China

|-bgcolor=#ddffbb |7,000 BCE




| |


Backed point
culture | |Wiltonian |Pre-ceramic B
(wheat, barley)
Neolithic
Pre-ceramic A | |hunter gatherers
of Jōmon (ancient Japan) |- |8,000 BCE




|
Azilian

and Asiloid cultures | |Capsian | | | |Hoabinhian of Southeast Asia |-bgcolor=#ddffbb |9,000 BCE




|


late Gravettian |late Gravettian plains
complex (Mezine
Kostienki) | |
Magosian

|
Natufian

|
Khandivili

| |- |10,000 BCE Holocene began
glacial ended (10,000 BCE)

glacial at its coldest (18,000 BCE)
|Magdalenian
Solutrean
Epigravettian |

Epigravettian
|
Ibero-maurusian

Sebilian
|Lupemban culture


|
Kebarian
Athlitian

| |pre-Jōmon ceramic (Japan) |Paleo-Siberian hunters move to North America (one possible timing)
|-bgcolor=#ddffbb |20,000 BCE




|

Gravettian

Aurignacian (art) |

Pavlovian

Aurignacian (art) | | |

Aurignacian (art) | |Sơn Vi culture (northern Vietnam) |- |30,000 BCE




|

Chatelperronian
|

Szeletian
|


Aterian |

Stillbay
|


|


Angara culture |

Sen-Doki
|-bgcolor=#ddffbb |40,000 BCE




| | | | |Emirian


| | |- |50,000 BCE



|Mousterians
(earliest graves)


|
Mousterian


|

Mousterian

|

Fauresmithian

|
Mousterian

Mousterian
|



Soanian |


Ngandong
culture |-bgcolor=#ddffbb |80,000 BCE



latest glacial began (95,000 BCE)
|


Micoquian
| |


Micoquian
|Mousteroid



| | |

Ordos
culture

|- |100,000 BCE


glacial ended (130,000 BCE)


|
Upper Acheulean



|
Upper Acheulean



| |Sangoan




| |

Acheulean

Soanian |

Fen Culture |-bgcolor=#ddffbb |200,000 BCE
glacial began (350,000 BCE)

|



Tayacian


| |


Acheulean


|


Acheulean


|



Acheulean

| | |- |300,000 BCE




|
middle Acheulean



Clactonian |
middle Acheulean



| | | |



Pre-Soanian | |-bgcolor=#ddffbb |500,000 BCE




|Lower Acheulean




worked pebbles |Lower Acheulean




worked pebbles |



Lower Acheulean
| | | |Padjitanian




|- |1,000,000 BCE




|worked pebbles




|worked pebbles




|

worked pebbles


|lower Acheulian


Olduwan | | |

worked pebbles


|-bgcolor=#ddffbb |2,000,000 BCE


| | | | | | | |- |
|- bgcolor=#bbddff ! Period & Climate ! Western Europe ! Central Europe
and Eastern Europe ! North Africa,
West Africa and Sahara ! Central Africa,
South and East Africa ! Middle East ! South Asia, India and
Central Asia ! Far East and South-East Asia |-

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