Johann Wolfgang Ritter von Kempelen de Pázmánd (Kempelen Farkas; Ján Vlk Kempelen) (23 January 1734 – 26 March 1804) was a Hungarian author and inventor with Irish ancestors.
Kempelen was from Pressburg (Bratislava)
, Kingdom of Hungary
). He studied law and philosophy in his birthtown, and then in Győr
, in Vienna
and in later Rome
, but the mathematics and thy physics also interested him. He startedto work as a clerk in Vienna. He was most famous for his construction of The Turk
, a chess
later revealed to be a hoax
. He also created a manually operated speaking machine
, which was a genuine pioneering step in experimental phonetics
Kempelen died in Vienna. The Wolfgang von Kempelen Prize for Computing Science History Prize was named in his honor.
- Vajda Pál: Nagy magyar feltalálók. Bp., 1958.; Pap János: Kempelen Farkas.
- Magyar tudóslexikon. Főszerk. Nagy Ferenc. Bp., 1997.
- Homer Dudley and T.H. Tarnoczy. The Speaking Machine of Wolfgang von Kempelen. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, March 1950, Volume 22, Issue 2, pp. 151–166.
- Robert Löhr, "The Chess Machine" (Penguin Press, 2007) is a novel about Kempelen and his chess-playing hoax. Translated from the German by Anthea Bell.