Wolfgang Abel and Mario Furlan were arrested for a string of murders in Italy between 1977 and 1984. They claimed innocence, saying they were scapegoats for a police force that couldn't find the real criminals.
At each of these crime scenes was a leaflet, written in Italian, headed with the name 'Ludwig' over a Nazi eagle and swastika. Each had a slogan, such as "We are the last of the Nazis" and "Death comes to those who betray the true god, and explained the reason for each murder. According to the leaflets the victims were chosen because they were "sub-human"; being homosexual, prostitutes, drug addicts; and needed to be eliminated.
Abel and Furlan's criminal career together began in August 1977, when they burned a Gypsy drug addict alive.
In Padua they stabbed a casino worker to death. This was followed shortly by the beating and stabbing of a homosexual waiter in Venice who died from his thirty-four knife wounds.
In Vicenza they axed a prostitute and crushed the skulls of two priest with a hammer.
They burned a sleeping hitch-hiker to death in Verona.
In Trento a homosexual priest was killed with a nail hammered in his forehead, followed by a chisel with a wooden cross on it.
On March 3, 1984 in Mantua Abel and Furlan, dressed in Pierrot costumes, were caught dousing the carpet and furniture in a crowded discotheque with gas.