In 1929, under the rigorous editorial guidance of Maxwell Perkins, he published his first novel, Look Homeward, Angel. After the appearance of its sequel, Of Time and the River (1935), he broke with Perkins and signed a contract with Harper & Brothers, with Edward Aswell as his editor. After Wolfe died at 38 from complications following pneumonia, Aswell arranged from the material left at Wolfe's death two novels—The Web and the Rock (1939) and You Can't Go Home Again (1940)—and a volume of stories and fragments, The Hills Beyond (1941). Wolfe's other publications include From Death to Morning (1935), a collection of short stories; and The Story of a Novel (1936), a record of how he wrote his second book.
Wolfe's works compose a picture, left somewhat incomplete by his premature death. They describe the life of a youth from the rural South through his education to his career in New York City as a teacher and writer. Wolfe's major theme was almost always himself—his own inner and outer existence—his gropings, his pain, his self-discovery, and his endless search for an enduring faith. He was obsessed by memory, time, and location, and his novels convey a brilliant sense of place. His writing is characterized by a lyrical and dramatic intensity, by the weaving and reweaving of a web of sensuous images, and by rhapsodic incantations.
See his letters, ed. by E. Nowell (1956); his letters to A. Bernstein, ed. by S. Stutman (1983); To Loot My Life Clean: The Thomas Wolfe-Maxwell Perkins Correspondence (2000), ed. by M. J. Bruccoli and P. Bucker; O Lost: A Story of the Buried Life (2000), a restored version of Look Homeward Angel, ed. by A. and M. J. Bruccoli; biographies by A. Turnbull (1967), N. F. Austin (1968), and D. H. Donald (1987); studies by R. S. Kennedy (1962), L. Field (1988), and J. L. Idol, Jr. (1987).
Thomas Clayton (July 1777 – August 21 1854) was an American lawyer and politician from Dover in Kent County, Delaware. He was a member of the Federalist Party and later the Whig Party. He served in the Delaware General Assembly, and as Chief Justice of the Delaware Supreme Court, U. S. Representative from Delaware, and U.S. Senator from Delaware.
Thomas Clayton graduated from the Newark Academy, now the University of Delaware, in Newark, Delaware, studied law under Nicholas Ridgely in Dover, Delaware, and began a law practice there in 1799. His wife's name was Jennette Macomb, they had four children, and belonged to the Presbyterian Church. He was the cousin of U.S. Senator John M. Clayton.
In 1814 Clayton was elected as a Federalist to one of two at-large seats Delaware had in the U.S. House of Representatives, and served one term there, from March 4 1815 until March 3 1817. While he was in Congress, it was proposed that the compensation given U.S. Representatives be increased $6 a day to $1,500 a year. Clayton supported the change, but it became very controversial, and his support of it caused him to lose the nomination of the Federalist Party to Louis McLane, beginning a long rivalry between the two men.
Clayton narrowly failed in an attempt to return to the U.S. House of Representatives in the 1818 election, but was returned to the Delaware Senate again in 1821. Then, when Caesar A. Rodney resigned as U.S. Senator from Delaware, the General Assembly elected him to serve out the term, from January 8 1824 to March 3 1827. This was the time when the old party system of Federalists and Jeffersonian Republicans was giving way to the Jacksonian Democrats, and those opposed to Jackson. Clayton, his family, and much of the old Federalist following in Delaware, aligned themselves with John Quincy Adams, and those who would later become Whigs.
After his term in the U.S. Senate ended, Clayton was appointed Chief Justice of the Delaware Court of Common Pleas in 1828. This court ceased to exist with the new Delaware Constitution of 1831, and Clayton was appointed Chief Justice of the new Delaware Superior Court in 1832. In 1833, Chief Justice Clayton became one of the initial trustees of Newark College in Newark, Delaware, which would later become the University of Delaware.
In 1837, Clayton's cousin, U.S. Senator John M. Clayton, resigned his office. Thomas Clayton was once again elected to the U.S. Senate to finish the term. After it ended, he was reelected in 1841 and served from January 9 1837 to March 3 1847. During this second period of service in the Senate, Clayton was at various times the Chairman of the Committee on Printing and a member of the Committee of Revolutionary Claims.
"A handsome man with polished manners, he was a stickler for dignity, decorum and punctuality at court session, and once ordered himself fined $10 for being 10 minutes late in appearing in court."
Thomas Scharf comments: “Chief Justice Clayton was profoundly versed in the principles of the law. He had a marvelous skill in perceiving the vital points of a case, largely due to his almost intuitive grasp of fundamental principles. He was prompt in deciding the merits of an issue and felicitous in the precision with which he formulated facts and conclusions. His words were few but masterly in force and point. Judge Clayton was eminently impartial in his judicial capacity. Neither distinction of the person nor relationships swayed his judgments. With respect to the lawyers at the bar, he made no difference in the administration of rules between the eminent John M. Clayton and his own son who was a practitioner at the same bar. He meted out to all the same even-handed justice, and required of all the same respectful regard for the law and for decorum.”
|Office||Type||Location||Elected||Took Office||Left Office||notes|
|State Representative||Legislature||Dover||1802||January 4 1803||January 3 1804|
|State Representative||Legislature||Dover||1803||January 3 1804||January 1 1805|
|State Representative||Legislature||Dover||1804||January 1 1805||January 7 1806|
|State Representative||Legislature||Dover||1805||January 7 1806||January 6 1807|
|State Representative||Legislature||Dover||1806||January 6 1807||January 5 1808|
|State Senator||Legislature||Dover||1807||January 5 1808||January 19 1808||resigned|
|Secretary of State||Executive||Dover||January 19 1808||January 16 1810|
|State Attorney General||Executive||Dover||January 16 1810||January 17 1815|
|State Representative||Legislature||Dover||1810||January 1 1811||January 7 1812|
|State Representative||Legislature||Dover||1812||January 5 1813||January 4 1814|
|State Representative||Legislature||Dover||1813||January 4 1814||January 3 1815|
|U.S. Representative||Legislature||Washington||1814||March 4 1815||March 3 1817|
|State Senator||Legislature||Dover||January 3 1821||January 6 1824|
|U.S. Senator||Legislature||Washington||January 8 1824||March 3 1827|
|Court of Common Pleas||Judiciary||Dover||February 8 1828||January 18 1832||Chief Justice|
|Superior Court||Judiciary||Dover||January 18 1832||January 9 1837||Chief Justice|
|U.S. Senator||Legislature||Washington||January 9 1837||March 3 1841|
|U.S. Senator||Legislature||Washington||March 4 1841||March 3 1847|
|Delaware General Assembly service|
|1803||27th||State House||Federalist||David Hall||Kent at-large|
|1804||28th||State House||Federalist||David Hall||Kent at-large|
|1805||29th||State House||Federalist||Nathaniel Mitchell||Kent at-large|
|1806||30th||State House||Federalist||Nathaniel Mitchell||Kent at-large|
|1807||31st||State House||Federalist||Nathaniel Mitchell||Kent at-large|
|1808||32nd||State Senate||Federalist||George Truitt||Kent at-large|
|1811||35th||State House||Federalist||Joseph Haslet||Kent at-large|
|1813||37th||State House||Federalist||Joseph Haslet||Kent at-large|
|1814||38th||State House||Federalist||Daniel Rodney||Kent at-large|
|1821||45th||State Senate||Federalist||John Collins||Kent at-large|
|1822||46th||State Senate||Federalist||John Collins|
|1823||47th||State Senate||Democratic-Republican||Joseph Haslet|
|U.S. Congressional Service|
|1815-1817||14th||House||Republican||James Madison||1st at-large|
|1823-1825||18th||Senate||Republican||James Monroe||class 1|
|1825-1827||19th||Senate||National Republican||John Quincy Adams||class 1|
|1835-1837||24th||Senate||Democratic||Andrew Jackson||class 2|
|1837-1839||25th||Senate||Democratic||Martin Van Buren||class 2|
|1839-1841||26th||Senate||Democratic||Martin Van Buren||class 2|
|1841-1843||27th||Senate||Whig||William H. Harrison|
|1843-1845||28th||Senate||Whig||John Tyler||class 2|
|1845-1847||29th||Senate||Democratic||James K. Polk||Revolutionary Claims||class 2|
|1814||U.S. Representative||Thomas Clayton|
George Read, II
|1818||U.S. Representative||Thomas Clayton|
George Read, II