Definitions

Wilkinson

Wilkinson

[wil-kin-suhn]
Wilkinson, Charles Burnham (Bud Wilkinson), 1916-94, American football coach, b. Minneapolis, Minn. He was an all-around athlete at the Univ. of Minnesota and later was assistant football coach at Syracuse Univ. and the Univ. of Minnesota before entering the U.S. Navy in 1943. He became assistant coach at the Univ. of Oklahoma in 1945 and head coach in 1947. His teams won 31 consecutive games in 1948-51, and in 1953-57 they won 47 consecutive games, the longest winning streak in modern football history. Wilkinson was College Coach of the Year in 1949, and his speedy Oklahoma teams were national champions in 1950, 1955, and 1956. From 1961 to 1964 he was head of President Kennedy's youth fitness program. He coached the professional St. Louis Cardinals (1978-79) but left after winning just 11 of 32 games.
Wilkinson, Ellen, 1891?-1947, English politician. Of a working-class family, she graduated from the Univ. of Manchester and became a union organizer. A Labour member of Parliament (1924-31, 1935-47), she was an impassioned fighter for socialist causes and became known as Red Ellen. In 1936 she led her constituents from the severely depressed town of Jarrow on a hunger march to London. She was parliamentary secretary to the ministry of home security during World War II and became minister of education in 1945.
Wilkinson, Sir Geofferey, 1921-, English inorganic chemist. He shared the 1973 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Ernst Otto Fischer for their independent research on the organometallic compounds of the transitions metals. At Harvard, Wilkinson theorized that certain transition metals, such as iron and ruthenium, combine with cyclopentadienyl carbon rings to form organometallic compounds. The combination occurs in a layered arrangement in which a metallic atom is "sandwiched" between the two carbon rings. This theory initiated a vast amount of research, not only on cyclopentadienyl derivatives but on similar systems with four-, six-, seven-, and even eight-membered carbon rings.
Wilkinson, James, 1757-1825, American general, b. Calvert co., Md. Abandoning his medical studies in 1776 to join the army commanded by George Washington, he served as a captain in Benedict Arnold's unsuccessful Quebec campaign. Later he was Gen. Horatio Gates's deputy adjutant general in the Saratoga campaign and was given the honor of bringing to Congress the news of General Burgoyne's defeat. Congress censured Wilkinson for delay in carrying the dispatch but rewarded him by promoting him to brigadier general (1777) and making him secretary to the board of war (1778), a position he was forced to leave because of his implication in the Conway Cabal. He was (1779-81) clothier general of the army but resigned when charged with irregularities in his accounts. Wilkinson moved to Kentucky in 1784. Shortly thereafter, he became a key figure in the plan to induce what was then the SW United States to form a separate nation allied to Spain. Wilkinson apparently took an oath of allegiance to Spain and received a Spanish pension of $2,000 (and later $4,000) a year. To the Spanish authorities in New Orleans he represented his agitation for the separation of Kentucky from Virginia as part of this scheme; there is no indication, however, that he revealed any such motivation to the Kentucky conventions, in which others had expressed sentiments in favor of a separate republic of Kentucky. In 1791, Wilkinson reentered the army as a lieutenant colonel, and in 1792 he again attained the rank of brigadier general, serving under Anthony Wayne. On Wayne's death (1796) Wilkinson became ranking army officer. While governor (1805-6) of the Louisiana Territory, he became involved in the schemes of Aaron Burr. Alarmed when he realized that his association with Burr was common knowledge, Wilkinson informed President Jefferson that Burr was plotting to disrupt the Union. Although he was chief prosecution witness at Burr's trial, he narrowly escaped indictment. Subsequently (1811) he was cleared, but just barely, by an army board of inquiry. In the War of 1812 he failed signally in the campaign to take Montreal and was relieved of his command. Once again an official inquiry left him untouched. He wrote Memoirs of My Own Times (3 vol., 1816) in an attempt to answer his many critics. He died in Mexico, where he spent his last years. See biographies by J. R. Jacobs (1938) and T. R. Hay and M. R. Werner (1941); J. E. Weems, Men without Countries (1969).
Wilkinson, Jemima, 1752-1819, American religious leader, b. Cumberland, R.I. As a girl she was powerfully impressed by the sermons of George Whitefield and also aspired to emulate the example of Ann Lee ("Mother Ann"). She became very ill when she was about 20 and fell into a prolonged coma. On reviving, she maintained that she had died and her original soul had gone to heaven while her body was occupied by the "Spirit of Life," sent by God to warn the world of His impending wrath. Calling herself the "Public Universal Friend," she preached widely through Connecticut and Rhode Island. She established churches at New Milford, Conn., and at Greenwich, R.I. She aroused much hostility by advocating celibacy, and she did not restrain enthusiastic followers from representing her as the Messiah. To escape persecution she founded (c.1790) the colony of "Jerusalem" in Yates co., NW N.Y. (near the present Penn Yan). Dissension later developed in Jerusalem because the "Friend" demanded gifts of her followers and instituted punishments for breaking her rules. She spent her last years in a house far from the other dwellings. After her death the community dispersed.

See D. Hudson, Memoir of Jemima Wilkinson (1824, repr. 1972); H. A. Wisbey, Pioneer Prophetess (1964).

James Wilkinson, portrait by J.W. Jarvis; in the Filson Club Collection, Louisville, Ky.

(born 1757, Calvert county, Md.—died Dec. 28, 1825, Mexico City, Mex.) American army officer and double agent. He served in the American Revolution under Horatio Gates and was involved in the Thomas Conway cabal. He settled in Kentucky in 1784 and schemed to ally the Kentucky region with Spain, though he was in fact working against Spain. He served as governor of part of the Louisiana territory (1805–06). He allegedly planned to conquer the Mexican provinces of Spain and conspired with Aaron Burr to establish an independent government; when he betrayed Burr's plan, he was investigated but cleared. In the War of 1812 he commanded U.S. forces on the Canadian border, but his campaign against Montreal failed.

Learn more about Wilkinson, James with a free trial on Britannica.com.

James Wilkinson, portrait by J.W. Jarvis; in the Filson Club Collection, Louisville, Ky.

(born 1757, Calvert county, Md.—died Dec. 28, 1825, Mexico City, Mex.) American army officer and double agent. He served in the American Revolution under Horatio Gates and was involved in the Thomas Conway cabal. He settled in Kentucky in 1784 and schemed to ally the Kentucky region with Spain, though he was in fact working against Spain. He served as governor of part of the Louisiana territory (1805–06). He allegedly planned to conquer the Mexican provinces of Spain and conspired with Aaron Burr to establish an independent government; when he betrayed Burr's plan, he was investigated but cleared. In the War of 1812 he commanded U.S. forces on the Canadian border, but his campaign against Montreal failed.

Learn more about Wilkinson, James with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Wilkinson is a town in Brown Township, Hancock County, Indiana, United States. The population was 356 at the 2000 census.

Geography

Wilkinson is located at (39.884810, -85.608241).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.2 square miles (0.6 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 356 people, 153 households, and 104 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,651.6 people per square mile (624.8/km²). There were 165 housing units at an average density of 765.5/sq mi (289.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.88% White, 0.56% from other races, and 0.56% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.84% of the population.

There were 153 households out of which 32.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.2% were married couples living together, 5.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.0% were non-families. 26.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.83.

In the town the population was spread out with 22.5% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 31.2% from 25 to 44, 23.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 96.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $48,750, and the median income for a family was $52,143. Males had a median income of $38,750 versus $25,500 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,289. About 2.9% of families and 2.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over.

Trivia

  • World War I ace Harvey Weir Cook was born and raised in Wilkinson. Indianapolis International Airport was known for many years as Weir Cook Airport in his honor.

References

External links

Search another word or see Wilkinsonon Dictionary | Thesaurus |Spanish
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature