Wilcox County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of 2000, the population is 8,577. The 2007 Census Estimate shows a population of 8,613 The county seat is Abbeville, Georgia.
It is unclear whether Wilcox County is named for General Mark Wilcox, a Georgia state legislator and one of the founders of the Georgia Supreme Court, or if it is named for his son John Wilcox. The formation of the county was led by Norman McDuffie
of Pulaski County
. It was formed on December 22, 1857 from parts of Irwin
, and Dooly
Jefferson Davis, President of The Confederate States of America spent his last night in Wilcox County, before being captured by Union troops. His capture marked the end of the Confederacy.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau
, the county has a total area of 383 square miles
), of which, 380 square miles (985 km²) of it is land and 3 square miles (8 km²) of it (0.78%) is water.
The Ocmulgee Wild Hog Festival takes place in Abbeville
every year on the Saturday before Mother's Day.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 8,577 people, 2,785 households, and 1,977 families residing in the county. The population density
was 23 people per square mile (9/km²). There were 3,320 housing units at an average density of 9 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 62.61% White
, 36.21% Black
or African American
, 0.09% Native American
, 0.16% Asian
, 0.01% Pacific Islander
, 0.48% from other races
, and 0.43% from two or more races. 1.62% of the population were Hispanic
of any race.
There were 2,785 households out of which 32.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.10% were married couples living together, 15.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.00% were non-families. 26.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.09.
In the county the population was spread out with 22.80% under the age of 18, 9.60% from 18 to 24, 31.20% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, and 13.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 123.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 131.00 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $27,483, and the median income for a family was $34,968. Males had a median income of $27,171 versus $20,366 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,014. About 16.80% of families and 21.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.80% of those under age 18 and 21.30% of those age 65 or over.
Until the late 1950's all cities in Wilcox County had their own school districts. Currently, Wilcox County has one consolidated school district called the Wilcox County School System
The Board of Education office is located in Abbeville
and all three county schools are located in Rochelle
- Wilcox County Elementary School: Pre-K through 5th
- Wilcox County Middle School: 6th through 8th
- Wilcox County High School: 9th through 12th
Also located in Rochelle is a satellite campus of East Central Technical College.
Unincorporated Cities and Towns