Definitions

Wilbur

Wilbur

[wil-ber]
Wright, Wilbur: see Wright Brothers.
Wilbur, John, 1774-1856, American Quaker leader, b. Hopkinton, R.I. He became the leader of the opposition to the evangelical principles of J. J. Gurney and Elias Hicks, and his expulsion (1843) by the Quakers resulted in the formation of the new New England Yearly Meeting. His followers were called Wilburites. See Friends, Religious Society of.
Wilbur, Ray Lyman, 1875-1949, American public official and educator, b. Boonesboro, Iowa, grad. Stanford (B.A., 1896; M.A., 1897) and Cooper Medical College, San Francisco, 1899. After studying medicine abroad, Wilbur became a professor (1909-16) and dean (1911-16) of the medical school at Stanford. In 1916 he became president of Stanford. In World War I he served with the U.S. Food Administration and was (1929-33) Secretary of the Interior under President Hoover. He retired as college president in 1943. The March of Medicine (1938) and Human Hopes (1940) are collections of his speeches and writings.

See his memoirs (ed. by E. E. Robinson and P. C. Edwards, 1960).

Wilbur, Richard, 1921-, American poet and translator, b. New York City, grad. Amherst (B.A., 1942) and Harvard (M.A., 1947). A skillful craftsman who writes gracefully in traditional verse forms, Wilbur is always original, generally affirmative in his view of the world, and can be profound and witty, playful and intellectual. His volumes of verse include The Beautiful Changes (1947), Ceremony (1950), Things of This World (1956; Pulitzer Prize, National Book Award), Advice to a Prophet (1961), The Mind Reader (1976), New and Collected Poems (1988; Pulitzer Prize), and Mayflies (2000). Opposites (1973) is a collection of his poems for children, and Responses (1976) and The Catbird's Song (1997) are collections of his prose pieces. Wilbur was America's poet laureate from 1987 to 1988. He has translated Molière's The Misanthrope (1955), Tartuffe (1963), and The School for Wives (1972) and other classic French drama. With Lillian Hellman, he wrote the libretto for Leonard Bernstein's musical version of Voltaire's Candide (1957). Wilbur is also an editor and teacher.

See his Collected Poems 1943-2004 (2004); studies by D. L. Hill (1967) and W. Salinger, ed. (1983); bibliography by F. Bixler (1991).

(born April 16, 1867, near Millville, Ind., U.S.—died May 30, 1912, Dayton, Ohio) (born Aug. 19, 1871, Dayton, Ohio, U.S.—died Jan. 30, 1948, Dayton) U.S. inventors who achieved the first powered, sustained, and controlled airplane flight. The brothers first worked in printing-machinery design and later in bicycle manufacturing, which financed their early experiments in airplane design. To test flight control, essential to successful powered flight, they built and flew three biplane gliders (1900–02). Propeller and engine innovations led to their first powered airplane, which Orville flew successfully for 12 seconds and Wilbur later flew for 59 seconds at Kill Devil Hills, N.C. (near the village of Kitty Hawk), on Dec. 17, 1903. Their flyer of 1905 could turn, bank, circle, and remain airborne for over 35 minutes. They demonstrated their planes in Europe and the U.S.; in 1908 Wilbur gave over 100 exhibition flights in France, setting a duration record of 2 hours and 20 minutes. They established an aircraft company and produced planes for the U.S. Army. After Wilbur's death from typhoid, Orville sold his interest in the company, which later merged with the company of Glenn H. Curtiss.

Learn more about Wright, Wilbur; and Wright, Orville with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born April 16, 1867, near Millville, Ind., U.S.—died May 30, 1912, Dayton, Ohio) (born Aug. 19, 1871, Dayton, Ohio, U.S.—died Jan. 30, 1948, Dayton) U.S. inventors who achieved the first powered, sustained, and controlled airplane flight. The brothers first worked in printing-machinery design and later in bicycle manufacturing, which financed their early experiments in airplane design. To test flight control, essential to successful powered flight, they built and flew three biplane gliders (1900–02). Propeller and engine innovations led to their first powered airplane, which Orville flew successfully for 12 seconds and Wilbur later flew for 59 seconds at Kill Devil Hills, N.C. (near the village of Kitty Hawk), on Dec. 17, 1903. Their flyer of 1905 could turn, bank, circle, and remain airborne for over 35 minutes. They demonstrated their planes in Europe and the U.S.; in 1908 Wilbur gave over 100 exhibition flights in France, setting a duration record of 2 hours and 20 minutes. They established an aircraft company and produced planes for the U.S. Army. After Wilbur's death from typhoid, Orville sold his interest in the company, which later merged with the company of Glenn H. Curtiss.

Learn more about Wright, Wilbur; and Wright, Orville with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born March 1, 1921, New York, N.Y., U.S.) U.S. poet, critic, editor, and translator. He studied literature at Harvard University and established himself as an important young poet with the collections The Beautiful Changes (1947) and Ceremony (1950). His urbane, well-crafted verse later appeared in volumes such as Things of This World (1956, Pulitzer Prize), Walking to Sleep (1969), and The Mind Reader (1976). He also translated plays (notably those of Molière) and wrote criticism and children's books. He served as U.S. poet laureate in 1987–88.

Learn more about Wilbur, Richard (Purdy) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born March 1, 1921, New York, N.Y., U.S.) U.S. poet, critic, editor, and translator. He studied literature at Harvard University and established himself as an important young poet with the collections The Beautiful Changes (1947) and Ceremony (1950). His urbane, well-crafted verse later appeared in volumes such as Things of This World (1956, Pulitzer Prize), Walking to Sleep (1969), and The Mind Reader (1976). He also translated plays (notably those of Molière) and wrote criticism and children's books. He served as U.S. poet laureate in 1987–88.

Learn more about Wilbur, Richard (Purdy) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Wilbur is a town in Lincoln County, Washington, United States. The population was 914 at the 2000 census.

History

Wilbur was officially incorporated on August 11, 1890. The town was founded by Samuel Wilbur Condit (or Condon) who was nicknamed Wild Goose Bill.

Wilbur has gained news coverage recently as a result of crop circles found roughly 10 miles north of town, just off of Highway 2. The origin of these depressions in the wheat crop of local farmer Jim Llewellyn is unknown, and the phenomenon was covered by new stations as well as newspapers. See this link:

Geography

Wilbur is located at (47.756616, -118.706282).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.3 square miles (3.5 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 914 people, 396 households, and 266 families residing in the town. The population density was 680.2 people per square mile (263.4/km²). There were 480 housing units at an average density of 357.2/sq mi (138.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.50% White, 1.20% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 0.55% from other races, and 1.42% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.75% of the population.

There were 396 households out of which 27.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.3% were married couples living together, 5.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.8% were non-families. 29.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.83.

In the town the population was spread out with 23.4% under the age of 18, 5.0% from 18 to 24, 19.7% from 25 to 44, 30.3% from 45 to 64, and 21.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 89.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $32,563, and the median income for a family was $37,431. Males had a median income of $32,440 versus $20,417 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,535. About 14.4% of families and 17.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.6% of those under age 18 and 9.6% of those age 65 or over.

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