The community was important as a stop on the Underground Railroad before the American Civil War, with seven stations. It has also been important in the history of black education, with Wilberforce University the first college owned and operated by African Americans, and for which African Americans were among the founders. With its National Afro-American Museum and Cultural Center, the university has expanded its learning opportunities for the regional community. The Association of African American Museums, also located in Wilberforce, works to build professional capacity among smaller museums.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 3.1 square miles (8.1 km²), of which, 3.1 square miles (8.0 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (1.59%) is water.
There were 189 households out of which 26.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.1% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.6% were non-families. 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.14.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 7.8% under the age of 18, 69.5% from 18 to 24, 9.4% from 25 to 44, 7.4% from 45 to 64, and 5.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 21 years. For every 100 females there were 93.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.8 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $31,641, and the median income for a family was $39,038. Males had a median income of $4,706 versus $23,906 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $10,483. None of the families and 6.5% of the population were living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and 16.3% of those over 64.