is a Kreis
) in the north of Hesse
. Neighboring districts are Göttingen
, district-free Eisenach
The district was created in 1974
by merging the two district Eschwege and Witzenhausen, which both existed with only slight modifications since 1821
The main river in the district is the Werra
. The Hohe Meißner
with 754 m is the highest elevation of the Meißner
mountains, a big basalt
massiv, the other geographic part which gave the district its name.
The Hohe Meißner was also home to USA military forces up to the fall of the Berlin Wall. Soldiers of the Special Forces guarded the eavsdropping listening post situated on the hilltop.
Quod vide Wanfried agreement.
Coat of arms
| || The coat of arms show a branch of an aspen tree in the left half, as sign for the former Eschwege district as well as the Eschwege city - the German word for aspen is Esche. The castle in the right half is the castle Ludwigstein, taken from the coat of arms of the Witzenhausen district. The hills below symbolize the landscape, the Meißner, and the wavy line the Werra river. |
Towns and municipalities