(翁同龢, 1830—1904, Styled Shuping
叔平). Chinese Confucian scholar and imperial tutor during the Qing
dynasty. In 1856, he was awarded the highest degree in the imperial examinations
and he subsequently became a member of the prestigious Hanlin Academy
. When the Tongzhi Emperor
was in his minority, Weng was appointed imperial tutor and after the demise of the emperor, he became tutor of the Guangxu
emperor as well. Concurrently with his duties as imperial tutor, he also held a number of prominent positions in the Qing government and he served on the Grand Council
1882-84. He is famous for having recommended the radical Confucian reformer Kang Youwei
to the Guangxu
emperor. He was subsequently removed from all offices because the Empress Dowager Cixi
feared losing her power.
- Hummel, Arthur William, ed. Eminent Chinese of the Ch'ing Period (1644-1912). 2 vols. Washington: United States Government Printing Office, 1943.