Wayland, Francis, 1796-1865, American clergyman and educator, b. New York City, grad. Union College, 1813, and studied at Andover Theological Seminary. As pastor (1821-26) of the First Baptist Church, Boston, he became known for his able preaching. After a brief professorship at Union College, he was president (1827-55) of Brown. He enlarged the scope of the institution through a vigorous program of reforms and was a pioneer in progressive ideas in higher education, such as flexible entrance requirements and elective systems. His founding of a free library at Wayland, Mass., inspired legislation that empowered towns to support public libraries by taxation. After retirement he gave his attention to benevolent works, notably prison reform. His many books include Elements of Moral Science (1835), Elements of Political Economy (1837), and Elements of Intellectual Philosophy (1854). His son Francis Wayland, 1826-1904, b. Boston, grad. Brown, 1846, studied at Harvard law school and was (1873-1903) dean of the Yale law school. A graduate course in law, the first of its kind in America, was established under his auspices.

See biography of the father by the son (2 vol., 1867); study by T. R. Crane (1962).

Wayland, town (1990 pop. 11,874), Middlesex co., E Mass., W of Boston; settled c.1638, inc. 1835. Electronic and chemical research is carried on there.
Wayland is a city in Henry County, Iowa, United States. The population was 945 at the 2000 census.


Wayland is located at (41.147602, -91.659678).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.9 square miles (2.2 km²), all of it land.


As of the census of 2000, there were 945 people, 373 households, and 264 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,097.0 people per square mile (424.3/km²). There were 386 housing units at an average density of 448.1/sq mi (173.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.31% White, 0.74% Native American, 0.74% Asian, 0.11% from other races, and 0.11% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.11% of the population.

There were 373 households out of which 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.1% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.0% were non-families. 25.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.9% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 23.3% from 25 to 44, 19.5% from 45 to 64, and 26.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 81.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 74.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $35,667, and the median income for a family was $40,909. Males had a median income of $30,081 versus $19,688 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,717. About 4.3% of families and 5.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.1% of those under age 18 and 6.0% of those age 65 or over.


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