Ward, Barbara Mary, Baroness Jackson of Lodsworth

Ward, Barbara Mary, Baroness Jackson of Lodsworth

Ward, Barbara Mary, Baroness Jackson of Lodsworth, 1914-81, British writer. Educated at the Sorbonne and at Oxford, she joined the staff of the Economist in 1939 and became foreign editor in 1940. From 1946 to 1950 she served as a governor of the British Broadcasting Corp. From 1968 to 1973 she was Schweitzer professor of international economic development at Columbia Univ. Among her several popular and penetrating works on international relations are The West at Bay (1948), Policy for the West (1951), The Interplay of East and West (1957; new ed. with new epilogue, 1962), The Rich Nations and the Poor Nations (1962), and Nationalism and Ideology (1966); she edited, with others, The Widening Gap (1971). Ward stressed the need for unity and farsighted ideals in the West and for understanding and liberal economic and political policies toward developing nations. She was created a life peer in 1976.
Barbara Wootton, Baroness Wootton of Abinger CH (1897 – July 11 1988) was a British sociologist and criminologist. She was one of the first four life peers appointed under the Life Peerages Act 1958.

Born Barbara Adam, she was educated at the Perse School for Girls. She studied Classics and Economics at Girton College, Cambridge from 1915 to 1919. In 1917, she married John (Jack) Wootton. He was wounded during World War I and died weeks after their marriage. She married George Wright in 1934. He died in 1964.

In the 1930s Wootton was a member of the Federal Union and represented the Union in a historic debate against Edgar Hardcastle of the Socialist Party of Great Britain, which was later published as a pamphlet.

In 1948 she became a Professor at Bedford College of the University of London. In 1952 she received a Nuffield Foundation Research Fellowship.

She wrote several books on economic and sociological subjects, including Lament for Economics (1938), End Social Inequality (1941), Freedom Under Planning (1945), Social Science and Social Pathology (1959), Crime and the Criminal Law (1964) and Incomes Policy (1974).

In 1969 she was made an Honorary Fellow of Girton College. In 1977 she was made a member of the Order of the Companions of Honour. In 1985 she was awarded an honorary Doctorate from the University of Cambridge. In 1984 she was chosen as one of six women for the BBC 2 series 'Women of Our Century'.

She was created Baroness Wootton of Abinger, of Abinger Common in the County of Surrey on the advice of Harold Macmillan on July 11, 1958 and was the first woman to sit on the Woolsack as a Deputy Speaker. She was the chairperson of the Wootton Report.

She died in a nursing home in Surrey in 1988.


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