City (pop., 2000: 113,726), north-central Texas, U.S. Located on the Brazos River, it was founded in 1849 on the site of an Indian village. After 1865 it became a river-bridge crossing on cattle trails; later its economy was based on cotton. Its diversified economy now includes manufacturing and tourism. A tornado devastated Waco in 1953, killing 114 persons. On April 19, 1993, after a 51-day standoff with U.S. federal agents, some 80 members of the Branch Davidians religious sect perished in a fire at their compound nearby.
Learn more about Waco with a free trial on Britannica.com.
Waco is located at (33.700963, -85.190410).
There were 189 households out of which 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.1% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.7% were non-families. 24.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.99.
In the city the population was spread out with 24.3% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 28.8% from 45 to 64, and 11.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 115.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $31,667, and the median income for a family was $40,417. Males had a median income of $29,000 versus $21,094 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,076. About 9.5% of families and 13.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.0% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over.