is the radio station
of Bates College
, located in Lewiston, Maine
and at 91.5 MHz
on the FM
dial. The WRBC studio is located in the basement of 31 Frye Street across from the student coffee house, The Ronj
. The WRBC board of directors publish a music journal twice a year called The Monkey Music Magazine.
WRBC is currently ranked by the The Princeton Review as the 20th best college radio station in the United States and Canada, making it the top college radio in the New England Small College Athletic Conference.
Originally started as an AM station, radio at Bates began with the efforts of rhetoric professor and debate coach Brooks Quimby. A radio enthusiast, he ran his own amateur station, and wrote the FCC in 1942 asking to build a 10-watt radio station on campus. Though his efforts to secure a license were unsuccessful, he did not give up. "Bates On The Air", a weekly program produced by his Radio Class from studios in Chase Hall, debuted in 1945 on WCOU in Lewiston. This program was also occasionally carried on stations in Portland and Augusta, and continued into the mid 1950s.
In the spring of 1951, interest in a campus radio station resurfaced among the student body. A group of students met to organize and plan for the construction. A professor in the Physics
department volunteered to build the transmitting equipment for a carrier current
AM station. That fall an organizational meeting drew 150 people. The station, calling itself WVBC
(Voice of Bates College), signed on at 9:00 p.m. on Friday evening, November 2
. Broadcasting from the Chase Hall studios, it initially featured a two-hour schedule of programming six nights a week. The signal could be heard at 640 kHz AM in all campus buildings, except the infirmary
Despite its beginning, technical problems plagued the station in the 1950s. Because of these problems Bates College again applied to the FCC for a 10-watt station on the then relatively new FM band. The staff suggested several possible call signs for the new station to the FCC including WVBC, WBCR, WRBC, WVOB, and WRJR (after the first initials of staff members Ron Cook, Joan Williams Lepper, Ray Hendess, and Robert Kalisher). The FCC decided on the call letters WRJR. The new station took to the public airwaves at 1:00 p.m. on Sunday, October 26, 1958, at 91.5 FM, from purpose-built studios in the basement of Pettigrew Hall.
Despite its technical superiority, FM radio had yet to come into mass acceptance. Since so few people owned FM-capable radios in 1958, FM-to-AM converters were initially installed at strategic locations around the Bates College campus to rebroadcast the signal at 800 AM. However, these converters soon either broke down, or were shut down due to issues with off-campus interference. As a result, WRJR found itself broadcasting to slim audiences, both on campus and off.
1970s and 1980s
In the early 1970s, WRJR moved from its purpose-built studio in the basement of Pettigrew to its present quarters in the basement of The Office of Career Services at 31 Frye Street. The new basement location offered multiple studios which have since converted to office space. The station's transmitting antenna was also moved to its present location behind its current studios. Though the call letters WRJR had been with the station for many years, they were not immediately interpretable as being related to Bates College. Station managers, including Jonathan Hall - now a television news anchor in Boston - had tried for a number of combinations, including WBCR (Bates College Radio) and WVBC (Voice of Bates College). Fortunately for the College, in the late 1970's, an all-news AM station in Jackson, Mississippi, with the call letters WRBC. went silent. Seizing the opportunity, the station applied to the FCC for a new call sign, and on April 5, 1981 (the 126th anniversary of Bates' founding), the small college station formally became known as WRBC ("Radio Bates College").
In 1982, WRBC increased its power output from 10 watts to the present 120 watts. This increased the station's listening area greatly. Previously the station could only be heard on campus and in the surrounding neighborhoods of Lewiston. Although previously licensed to transmit at up to 10 watts, a measurement made in 1974 recorded only 3 watts of actual output from the antenna. After the upgrade the station could now be picked up for about a 10-15 mile radius around the bates campus. The station commenced 24-hour operation in the early 1980's. Students would work 3 hours shifts, and it was no problem finding people willing to do 3-6 am during the week. WRBC also featured news from the ABC radio network during this period, through an agreement with local station WLAM.
1990s and Present day
In 1990, General Manager Sheri Pizzi and Program Director George Reese landed funding to renovate the station's on-air and production studies and convert the entire station from LP to CD. They began a program to reach out to the local community that included shows broadcast by Lewiston
residents. Later station leaders expended efforts to build ties to the L/A community by broadcasting through the summer months with the help of a staff of volunteer DJ's from the local community. This program increased the station's listenership in the twin cities significantly. Furthermore, many if not most WRBC genre directors are members of the L/A community and not Bates