Volta, Alessandro, Conte
, 1745-1827, Italian physicist. He was professor of physics at the Univ. of Pavia from 1779 and became famous for his work in electricity. Napoleon I made him a count and a senator of the kingdom of Lombardy. Volta invented the so-called Volta's pile (or voltaic pile); the electrophorus
; an electric condenser; and the voltaic cell
. The volt
, a unit of electrical measurement, is named for Volta.
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