Voice of Israel

Topic outline of Israel

For an alphabetical index of this subject, see the List of Israel-related articles.

Israel, officially known as the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East and Southwest Asia located on the eastern edge of the Mediterranean Sea. It borders Lebanon in the north, Syria in the northeast, Jordan in the east, and Egypt on the southwest, and contains geographically diverse features within its relatively small area. The West Bank and Gaza Strip, which are partially administrated by the Palestinian National Authority, are also adjacent. With a population of about 7.2 million, the majority of whom are Jews, Israel is the world's only Jewish state. It is also home to Arab Muslims, Christians, Druze, and Samaritan, as well as other religious and ethnic minority groups.

The modern state of Israel has its roots in the Land of Israel, a concept central to Judaism for over three thousand years. After World War I, the League of Nations approved the British Mandate of Palestine with the intent of creating a "national home for the Jewish people. In 1947, the United Nations approved the partition of the Mandate of Palestine into two states, one Jewish and one Arab. The Arab League rejected the plan, but on May 14, 1948, Israel declared its independence. The new country's victory in the subsequent Arab-Israeli War expanded the borders of the Jewish state beyond those in the UN Partition Plan. Since then, Israel has been in conflict with many of the neighboring Arab countries, resulting in several major wars and decades of violence until this day. Since its foundation, Israel's boundaries and even the State's very right to exist have been subject to dispute, although Israel has signed peace treaties with Egypt and Jordan, and efforts are being made to reach a permanent accord with the Palestinians.

Israel is a representative democracy with a parliamentary system and universal suffrage. The Prime Minister serves as head of government and the Knesset serves as Israel's legislative body. In terms of nominal gross domestic product, the nation's economy is estimated as being the 44th-largest in the world; Israel ranks the highiest among Middle Eastern countries on the basis of human development, freedom of the press, and economy. Jerusalem is the country's capital, seat of government, and largest city, and Israel's main financial center encompasses Tel Aviv.

The following topic outline is provided as an overview of and introduction to Israel:

Geography of Israel

Main article: Geography of Israel

Environment of Israel

Natural geographic features of Israel

Regions of Israel

Main article: Regions of Israel

Ecoregions of Israel

Main article: Ecoregions of Israel

Administrative divisions of Israel

Main article: Administrative divisions of Israel

Districts of Israel
Subdistricts of Israel
Natural regions of Israel
Municipalities of Israel

Demography of Israel

Main article: Demographics of Israel

Government and politics of Israel

Main article: Government of Israel and Politics of Israel

Branches of the government of Israel

Executive branch of the government of Israel

Legislative branch of the government of Israel

Judicial branch of the government of Israel

Foreign relations of Israel

International organization membership

Israel is a member of:

Law and order in Israel

Main article: Law of Israel

Military of Israel

Main article: Military of Israel

Local government in Israel

History of Israel

''Main article: History of Israel, Timeline of the history of Israel, and Current events/Israel

Culture of Israel

Main article: Culture of Israel

The Arts in Israel

Sports in Israel

Main article: Sports in Israel

Economy of Israel

Main article: Economy of Israel

Education in Israel

Main article: Education in Israel

Infrastructure of Israel

See also

References

External links

Government

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