Definitions

View Park-Windsor Hills, CA

View Park-Windsor Hills, California

View Park-Windsor Hills is a census-designated place (CDP) in Los Angeles County, California, United States. The population was 10,958 at the 2000 census. View Park lies on the north end of the CDP, along Angeles Vista Boulevard; Windsor Hills is on the southern end, to the north of Slauson Avenue.

View Park-Windsor Hills is one of the both wealthiest and wealthiest majority-African American areas in the United States. The two communities are part of a band of districts, from Culver City's Fox Hills district on the west to the Los Angeles district of Leimert Park on the east, that comprise the single largest geographically contiguous middle- and upper-class black area in the United States. (Also included in this band are the equally affluent Baldwin Hills and Ladera Heights and middle-class Baldwin Village.)

History

'''View Park-Windsor Hills CDP
Population by year ,

2000 11,958
1990 11,769
1980 12,101
1970 12,268

View Park was developed in the 1920s as an upper-middle-class neighborhood akin to Cheviot Hills, Brentwood, Carthay Circle, and Studio City. Along with neighboring Ladera Heights and Baldwin Hills, it is one of the wealthiest African-American areas in the United States. It contains a superb collection of houses in the Spanish Colonial and Mediterranean styles, most of which remain today. Windsor Hills underwent development in the late 1930s; aimed at the middle class, it was the first subdivision in Southern California for which the newly created Federal Housing Administration provided mortgage insurance. African-Americans were forbidden residence in either area until the Supreme Court's invalidation of racial restrictive covenants in 1948.

Prior to the 1960s, the area was known as "Pill Hill" on account of the large number of doctors who were supposed to live there. After the arrival of Black families starting in the mid-1960s, the wealthy neighborhoods were sometimes called the "Golden Ghetto" or the "Black Beverly Hills."

Since the early 2000s, a number of white families have moved back to View Park and Windsor Hills, albeit to a considerably lesser degree than in Fox Hills and Ladera Heights.

Landmarks

Geography

View Park-Windsor Hills is located at (33.993662, -118.346950).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 4.8 km² (1.9 mi²), all land.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 10,958 people, 4,539 households, and 3,041 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 2,274.7/km² (5,895.8/mi²). There were 4,738 housing units at an average density of 983.5/km² (2,549.2/mi²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 87.98% African American, 5.37% White, 0.17% Native American, 1.11% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 1.15% from other races, and 4.15% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.71% of the population. The area had the highest percentage of African-American residents of any CDP in the Western United States.

There were 4,539 households out of which 23.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.3% were married couples living together, 19.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.0% were non-families. 28.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 20.3% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 28.2% from 45 to 64, and 19.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 84.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.3 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $90,876, and the median income for a family was $100,124. Males had a median income of $56,461 versus $43,663 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $34,382. About 3.1% of families and 5.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.2% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

In the state legislature View Park-Windsor Hills is located in the 26th Senate District, represented by Democrat Mark Ridley-Thomas, and in the 47th and 51st Assembly Districts, represented by Democrats Karen Bass and Curren D. Price, Jr. respectively. Federally, View Park-Windsor Hills is located in California's 33rd congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +36 and is represented by Democrat Diane Watson.

Education

Los Angeles Unified School District serves the community.

Several elementary schools serve the community, including:

All areas are zoned to Audubon Middle School and Crenshaw High School.

Some areas are jointly zoned to Audubon Middle School and Webster Middle School. Some areas are jointly zoned to Audubon Middle School and Orville Wright Middle School.

Some areas are jointly zoned to Crenshaw High School and Westchester High School.

Notable residents and natives

External links

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