, syn. Polygonum odoratum
) is a herb
of which the leaves are frequently used in Southeast Asian
cooking. Other English
names for the herb include Vietnamese mint
, Vietnamese cilantro
, Cambodian mint
and hot mint
. The Vietnamese name is rau răm
, while in Malaysia and Singapore it is called daun kesom
or daun laksa
(laksa leaf). In Thailand, it is called pak pai (ผักไผ่). It is not related to the mints
, but the general appearance and odor are reminiscent.
Above all, the leaf is identified with Vietnamese cuisine, where it is commonly eaten fresh in salads (including chicken salad) and in raw summer rolls (gỏi cuốn), as well as in some soups such as canh chua, and stews, such as fish kho tộ. It is also popularly eaten with hột vịt lộn (fertilized duck egg, known as balut in the Philippines).
In the Cuisine of Cambodia, the leaf is known as chi krasang tomhom (ជីរក្រសាំងទំហំ) and is used in soups, stews, salads, and the Cambodian summer rolls, naem (ណែម).
In Singapore and Malaysia, the shredded leaf is an essential ingredient of laksa, a spicy soup, so much so that the Malay name daun laksa means "laksa leaf."
In certain parts of Thailand the leaf is eaten with raw beef larb.
In Australia the plant is being investigated as a source of essential oil (kesom oil).
The Vietnamese coriander is a perennial plant
that grows best in tropical and subtropical zones in warm and damp conditions. In advantageous conditions, it can grow up to 15 to 30 cm. In the winter or when the temperature is too high, it can wither.
The top of its leaf is dark green, with chestnut-colored spots while the leaf's bottom is burgundy red. Its stem has sections. In Vietnam it can be cultivated or found in the wild.
Its oil contains aldehydes
such as decanal
(28%) and dodecanal
(44%), as well as the alcohol decanol
such as α-humulene
comprise about 15% of its oil.
According to Vietnamese experts, Vietnamese Coriander has a bitter and spicy taste, is nontoxic, and can detoxify food. They claim that it can be used to treat swellings, acne, indigestion, flatulence, and stomachaches.
Effects on health
In many Vietnamese herbal remedies, it is used to repress sexual urges. There is a saying in Vietnamese, "rau răm, giá sống"
("Vietnamese coriander, live bean sprouts") meaning that Vietnamese coriander has the ability to reduce sexual desires, while bean sprouts have the opposite effect. Many Buddhist
monks grow coriander in their private gardens and eat it frequently as a helpful step in their celibate life.