Vendémiaire

Vendémiaire

[vahn-dey-myer]
Vendémiaire, first month of the French Revolutionary calendar. 13 Vendémiaire of the year iv (Oct. 5, 1795) was the day when Napoleon Bonaparte, until then an obscure general, won fame by putting down a serious insurrection. The Parisian electorate had revolted against certain decrees designed to perpetuate the power of the leaders of the Convention in the Directory, which was about to be established. Napoleon, with the blessings of Barras, crushed the rebels with artillery fire—which he later described as "a whiff of grapeshot."
Vendémiaire was the first month in the French Republican Calendar. The month was named after the French word vendange (grape harvest).

Vendémiaire was the first month of the autumn quarter (mois d'automne). It started at the autumnal equinox which was between September 22 and September 24. It ended between October 21 and October 23. It follows the Sansculottides of the past year and precedes Brumaire.

Day Name Table

Like all FRC months Vendémiaire lasted 30 days and was divided into three 10-day weeks, called décades (decades). Every day had the name of an agricultural plant, except the 5th (Quintidi) and 10th day (Decadi) of every decade, which had the name of a domestic animal (Quintidi) or an agricultural tool (Decadi).

  1re Décade 2e Décade 3e Décade
Primidi 1. Raisin (Grape) 11. Pommes de terre (Potatoes) 21. Chanvre (Hemp)
Duodi 2. Safran (Saffron) 12. Immortelle (Strawflower) 22. Pêches (Peaches)
Tridi 3. Châtaignes (Chestnut) 13. Potiron (Giant Pumpkin) 23. Navets (Turnip)
Quartidi 4. Colchique (Autumn Crocus) 14. Réséda (Mignonette) 24. Amarillis (Amaryllis)
Quintidi 5. Cheval (Horse) 15. Âne (Donkey) 25. Bœuf (Cattle)
Sextidi 6. Balsamine (Yellow Balsam) 16. Belle de nuit (Marvel of Peru) 26. Aubergine (Eggplant)
Septidi 7. Carottes (Carrots) 17. Citrouille (Summer Pumpkin) 27. Piment (Chile Pepper)
Octidi 8. Amaranthe (Amaranth) 18. Sarrazin (Buckwheat) 28. Tomate (Tomato)
Nonidi 9. Panais (Parsnip) 19. Tournesol (Sunflower) 29. Orge (Barley)
Decadi 10. Cuve (Tub) 20. Pressoir (Wine-Press) 30. Tonneau (Barrel)

Conversion Table

Table for conversion between Republican and Gregorian Calendar
for the month "Vendémiaire"
I. II. III. V. VI. VII.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21
September 1792 1793 1794 1796 1797 1798 October
IV. VIII. IX. X. XI. XIII. XIV.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22
September 1795 1799 1800 1801 1802 1804 1805 October
XII.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
24 25 26 27 28 29 30 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23
September 1803 October

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