|Valley of Fire|
|Nevada State Park|
|Nearest Major City||Las Vegas, Nevada|
|Date of Establishment||1935|
|Governing Body||State of Nevada|
Valley of Fire is located 50 miles (80 km) northeast of Las Vegas at an elevation of between 2,000 and 2,600 feet (610 and 790 m). It abuts the Lake Mead National Recreation Area at the Virgin River confluence. It lies in a basin 4 miles (6 km) wide by 6 miles (10 km) long, 15 miles (24 km) southwest of Clark County, Nevada.
The rough floor and jagged walls of the park contain brilliant formations of eroded sandstone and sand dunes more than 150 million years old. These features, which are the centerpiece of the park's attractions, often appear to be on fire when reflecting the sun's rays.
The Valley of Fire derives its name from red sandstone formations, formed from great shifting sand dunes during the age of dinosaurs. Complex uplifting and faulting of the region, followed by extensive erosion, have created the present landscape. Other important rock formations include limestones, shales, and conglomerates.
Prehistoric users of the Valley of Fire included the Ancient Pueblo Peoples, also known as the Anasazi who were farmers from the nearby fertile Moapa Valley. The span of approximate occupation has been dated from 300 B.C. to 1150 A.D. Their visits probably involved hunting, food gathering, and religious ceremonies, although scarcity of water would have limited the length of their stay. Fine examples of rock art left by these ancient peoples can be found at several sites within the park.
Winters are mild with temperatures ranging from 32 °F to 75 °F (0 °C to 24 °C). Daily summer highs usually exceed 100 °F (38 °C), and may reach 120 °F (49 °C). Summer temperatures can vary widely from day to night. Average annual rainfall is four inches (102 mm), coming in the form of light winter showers and summer thunderstorms. Spring and fall are the preferred seasons for visiting the Valley of Fire.
The park entry from Interstate 15 passes through the Moapa Indian Reservation.
The park has a visitor center that should be visited by anyone planning any off road activities.
The site is marked as Nevada Historical Marker 150